We often hear about diseases such as: proctitis, rectal ulcer, rectal prolapse, rectal cancer… But where the rectum is located and what function it performs, not everyone knows. The following article will help you get the most accurate answer.

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1. Where is the rectum located

?The rectum is the last part of the large intestine, adjacent to the anus. Regarding the skeletal structure and nervous system, the rectum is located in front of the sacrum.

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Depending on gender, the position of the rectum will be slightly different, specifically:

In females, the rectum is anteriorly related to the body of the uterus, cervix, and vaginal ring. The lower part of the rectum is related to the posterior wall of the vagina. In men, the rectum is located behind the bladder, seminal vesicles, vas deferens, and prostate gland, separated by fascia behind the bladder and connected to the center. pelvic bottom.

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Colorectal cancer is a life-threatening disease

5. Diagnosis of diseases of the rectum

As soon as abnormal signs are detected, patients should immediately go to medical facilities for timely examination and treatment. Depending on the clinical case, to accurately determine the disease, the doctor will prescribe a few methods below:

Clinical examination X-ray X-ray CT scan MRI Transrectal ultrasoundRectal endoscopy

6. Treatment

After accurately identifying the disease, depending on the patient’s condition and disease condition, the doctor will offer an appropriate treatment method. Mild cases can be treated by medical methods. The doctor may prescribe some drugs such as pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs such as paracetamol, ibuprofen… However, severe cases, especially rectal cancer, require surgical intervention in combination with chemotherapy. , radiotherapy.

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7. How to prevent diseases related to the rectum

To prevent rectal diseases, note some of the following measures:

Keep a scientific lifestyle: eat on time, get enough sleep, balance between work and rest time, avoid stress.Maintain a scientific diet: build a nutritious menu; limiting processed foods, animal organs, and raw foods; Do not drink alcohol. Exercise regularly. Periodic health check-ups to detect diseases in time.