A test plan is a detailed document that outlines the test strategy, test objectives, resources (human, software, hardware) required for testing, test schedule, test estimation. and test products. What is the role of test plan? What steps are included? Let’s find out in this article.
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Role of test plan
?Test plan serves as a blueprint for conducting software testing activities which are clearly managed and controlled by the manager.
It helps us to define the effort required to produce the quality of the application under test
Help people outside the testing team like developers, business managers, customers understand the details of the test.
The test plan guides our thinking. It is like a book of rules and regulations that need to be followed in order to be effective at work.
Important aspects like test estimation, test coverage, test strategy are recorded in the test plan, so it can be reviewed by Management and reused for other projects.
How to create a test plan
Step 1. Product analysis
How can you test a product without any information about it? The answer is not possible. Therefore, before testing a product you must have a plan to thoroughly learn about that product.
The tested product is the transaction website of a certain bank. You should research the Bank and its customers to know their needs and expectations regarding the web application. Explore the following questions:
Who will use the website? What is the website used for? How will it work? What software/hardware does the product use?
Step 2. Develop a Test Strategy
Test strategy is an important step in putting test plan. The test strategy document, which is a high level document, is usually developed by the test manager. This document typically describes:
Project test objectives and means to achieve themDetermine testing resources and costs
This step of strategy development includes more detailed steps. These include:
Step 2.1. Determine Test Scope
Before starting any testing, you also need to pay attention to the test coverage.
Components of the system to be tested (hardware, software, middleware, etc.) are called “in scope.” Components of the system that will not be tested are called “out of scope”. Defining the scope of your test project is important to all stakeholders. When test coverage is correctly defined it will: Give people accurate information about what you are testing. All project members will have a clear understanding of what is being tested. check and what not. Step 2.2. Determine the test type
Each type of test is built to identify a specific type of product defect. However, all types of testing are aimed at achieving a common goal of “Early detection of defects before product is released to customers”. The tester needs to determine the type to test for the product in this step.
Step 2.3. Documenting risks and problems
A risk is an uncertain future event that has the potential to happen and cause losses. When real danger occurs, it becomes a ‘problem’.
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In this step it is necessary to determine who in the team will be responsible for testing, and what to test? When will the test be conducted?
Step 3. Define test objectives
The goal of testing is to find as many software bugs as possible; Ensure that the software is tested to be bug free prior to release.
Step 4. Resource Planning
A resource plan is a detailed summary of all types of resources needed to complete a project task. Resources can be people, equipment, and materials needed to complete a project
Resource planning is an important element of test planning because it helps to determine the quantities of resources (staff, equipment, etc.) to be used for the project. From there, the manager can accurately schedule and estimate the project.
Step 5. Planning for environmental testing
The test environment is the software and hardware setup in which the test team will execute the test cases. The test environment includes actual business and user environments, as well as physical environments, such as servers, and runtime environments.
To complete this task, you need to have close cooperation between Team Test and Programming Team.
Step 6. Schedule and Evaluation
Planning is a buzzword in project management. By creating a solid schedule in the test plan, the test manager can use it as a tool to track project progress, control cost overruns.
Step 7. Test Deliverables
Test Deliverables is a list of all the documents, tools and other components that need to be developed and maintained to support throughout the testing process.
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Above is the entire test planning process as well as its role in testing. Hope it can be of help to you. Please follow the next SecurityBox articles for more information.