Surely anyone who is learning English has come across the two adjectives Relevant and Appropriate countless times with their synonyms such as related to, suitable, proper, etc. However, you cannot determine it. exactly which word to use because it is difficult to distinguish the differences between these words as well as the specific use cases for each word. This article will give you a better look at Relevant and Appropriate – two of the most common adjectives in English!
I. Relevant in English
Relevant /ˈreləvənt/ means “relevant, related”, always with the preposition “to” when followed by an object. More specifically, “relevant” is used with the meaning related to the issue that is happening or being discussed or discussed.
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The antonym of relevant is relevant /ɪˈreləvənt/. This word is also used in situations similar to “relevant”.
We are talking about his son. Her son is not relevant (irrelevant). (We’re talking about his son. Her son has nothing to do with it.)
In addition, in some cases, “relevant” is also synonymous with “important” or “significant”, meaning “important”.
Ex: I’m sorry but your personal wishes are not relevant in this case. (Sorry, but personal preference doesn’t matter in this case.)
Surely when mentioning “relevant to”, you will also think of two synonyms “related to” and “relating to”, right? Do these two words have the same usage as “relevant to”? The answer is “no”. Essentially, these two words mean exactly the same thing and are also interchangeable as well as substitute for “relevant to” in all cases. “related” itself can also be substituted for “relevant”.
Ex: He gave some information related to our discussion.
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He is interested in projects related to (relating to) the environment. (He is interested in projects related to the environment)
However, “relevant to” in many cases cannot replace the two words above because “relevant to” revolves around a narrower scope that is the issues being discussed, mentioned earlier. And “related to” and “relating to” are used for any case, thing, or phenomenon.
Ex: It is not possible to use “relevant to” in place of “related to” in the example “He is interested in projects related to the environment” because “the environment” here is not the issue under discussion.
“Relevant” in most cases can be substituted for the words: germane /dʒɜːˈmeɪn/, relevant/ˈpɜːtɪnənt/ and vice versa.
II. Appropriate in English
Appropriate /əˈprəʊprɪət/ comes from the Latin word “approriare”, which means “to make something suitable” or “to make something your own”. Basically, “appropriate” is used as both an adjective and a verb, but with completely different meanings. If it is an adjective, “appropriate” means “appropriate, appropriate, appropriate”, often accompanied by the preposition “to” or “for” when followed by an object. If it is a verb, it means “to take something for one’s own” or “to save something for something”, usually with the preposition “for”.
Ex: Is this film appropriate for children? (Is this movie suitable for children)
I didn’t think his comments were very appropriate at that time. (I didn’t think his comments were appropriate at the time.)
He lost his job when he was found to have appropriated the company’s money. (He lost his job when he was found to have misappropriated company money.)
The government has appropriate millions of pounds for the project. (The government has spent millions of pounds on that project.)
Like “relevant”, “appropriate” also has a certain number of synonyms, making it difficult for learners to use and easy to make mistakes. Let’s dive into the differences between them!
Appropriate and Proper: “appropriate” means “appropriate, appropriate” in specific cases, contexts, somewhat subjective of the speaker when standing in front of a certain thing or phenomenon. “Proper” is used in a more emphatic sense of “most appropriate, most standard”, used when referring to something standard and regular.
Ex: It is appropriate to wear a tie in this business event. (It was appropriate to wear a tie during this trade event.)
The proper way to reply that invitation is to send it by mail. (The most appropriate way to respond to such an invitation is to send it by mail.)
Appropriate and Suitable: basically, these two words are quite close in meaning and can be interchanged in many cases. However, “suitable” usually means “fit for a purpose” and “appropriate” is more often directed toward a person or thing.
Ex: This tractor is suitable for heavy duty. (The tractor is quite suitable for heavy work.)
That book is appropriate for children. (The book is very suitable for children.)
Appropriate and Optional: same meaning is “appropriate” but “opportune” is only used for words indicating time (time, moment, day…) or only actions and events that occur at the appropriate time.
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Ex: It was opportune time for negotiation. (It’s the right time to negotiate)
That was an opportune change to succeed. (It’s the right change to succeed)
Appropriate and appropriate: these two words have exactly the same meaning, only the type of word is different. “Accordingly” is an adverb and “appropriate” is an adjective.
Ex: It is very important. You must act accordingly. (It’s very important. You have to act accordingly.)
Hopefully, the article has helped you better understand the two most common words in English “relevant” and “appropriate” as well as distinguish them from synonyms to avoid mistakes when using them. Study well!