Currently, the use of hydroponic growing media is attracting a lot of attention. But what exactly is the price?
What are the popular types of hydroponic vegetable growing media today?
If you have questions about these issues, please refer to the following HydroWorks article for more details!
1. What is a growing medium
?Growing media – What is a medium?
Growing media is the common name for all mixtures and materials that can hold water as well as create a certain amount of air for plants to grow and grow.
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This mixture is often used alone or mixed to take advantage of the advantages of each.
Previously used medias were gravel, sand, straw, volcanic pumice, etc., often used for making handmade bean sprouts, growing mushrooms, or growing plants in hydroponic tanks.
However, they are not universally used for all crops, but only for a few specific cultivars.
2. What is the growing medium for hydroponic vegetables
?What is the growing medium for hydroponic vegetables?
Hydroponic vegetable growing medium is a mixture of materials that have the ability to absorb and retain water well.
Not only possessing the effect of fixing the roots of the plants, but these media also create ventilation for the plants to grow better.
This mixture can be used alone, but to create the best efficiency and productivity, people will combine the types together.
As a result, the hydroponic growing medium will converge the most necessary elements to be suitable for the plant variety.
3. What is the use of the substrate?
The main use of the price is:
Create a stable environment for plant roots to store air for plants. The porous part is airy so that the plant can exchange air more conveniently. Absorbs and stores water, increases humidity. Retains heat Provides nutrients for roots
The medium is usually suitable for hydroponic plants at home. These can be mentioned as: sprouts, hydroponic vegetables, seedling nurseries, lawns, fruit trees, ornamental plants.
4. What requirements does the hydroponic growing medium need to meet
?The ideal substrate needs to meet the following requirements:
Has good moisture retention as well as perfect breathability.Has a neutral pH and is pH stable.Absorbs water easily and is flexible.Durable and can be reused or used. biodegradable.Lightweight, cheap and universal. Clean disease, no source of infectious diseases.
For young trees, shrubs, a substrate made of wood fiber or bark is often used because it is more stable. For plants that need a high amount of water, it is suitable for clay because of its high water storage capacity. Suitable for plants that need high drainage
5. Some types of popular media today
Peat is usually formed from the carcasses of various plants through decomposition and anaerobic processes. This type of substrate has all the nutrients needed for plant growth.
Sawdust is a waste product in the production and processing of wood, so it has the ability to hold moisture extremely well. The main component of sawdust is cellulose, so it is extremely easy to decompose.
But you should note that only clean sawdust is not impregnated with drugs or preservatives.
Most types of fresh or dried bark are used as a growing medium. However, in fact, the fresh bark retains moisture quite poorly, so in the first 2-3 weeks, the tree will grow very slowly.
5.4 Coir peat and coir substrate
Has good water repellency properties and is often mixed with other ingredients in potting mixes. Suitable for vegetables and flowers.
Coir peat and coir medium is considered the best hydroponic growing medium. Coir is obtained by mechanical treatment of coconut shells. The chopped coconut shells form coco peat, then they are soaked with water to process the tannin compounds…
5.5 Cooked husks
Smoked rice husks are made up of rice husks that are piled up and then heated at a certain temperature to destroy all pathogens. At this time, the husk has not yet turned into ash, so it can still be used. The main components of smoked rice husk are potassium, silicate and trace mineral salts.
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5.6 Light Gravel (Porous Light Clay)
Porous light clay, also known as light gravel, is a type of pumice stone. This is a completely natural substrate, so it has a neutral PH level and high water holding capacity. It is a very good hydroponic vegetable growing medium for the roots.
Usually available as dry granules or as a powder. Clay has a high capacity to bind water, as well as absorb nutrients.
5.7 Synthetic organic media
This substrate is made up of artificial organic materials, namely porous polystyrene, urea formaldehyde foam, and Phenol-based foam. Therefore, this type is very light and possesses alkalinity, holding water and air well.
5.8 Sand and gravel
This typical type of media has the main advantage of being easy to obtain and relatively inexpensive. You only need to use sand with a grain size of 0.1 – 0.2 mm combined with gravel with a size of 1 – 5 cm to complete the substrate.
6. Formula for mixing some types of media? How to make hydroponic vegetable growing medium is not difficult, but to achieve the ideal effect, you need to follow the 1:1:1 formula. This formula is commonly used for all different types of media. However, before proceeding with the mixing, please treat the substrates first.
For clean soil, you don’t need to handle too much. Because these substrates have been treated with fungi, pathogens… As for coir, you need to cut it into small pieces and dry it if possible, you can handle fungi and bacteria. Husks should be smoked moderately over high heat, which will increase the potassium content to a very high level.
7. Where to buy hydroponic vegetable growing medium?
Are you wondering where to buy a good hydroponic vegetable growing medium? Hydro Works is the perfect unit that you should not miss. We provide our customers with products that are calculated according to a standard formula. Besides, the substrate is also carefully researched and tested, so it meets all the requirements.
Hydro Works also provides design and construction solutions for the strongest hydroponic projects in the South. So when you come to us, you can be assured of owning a perfect and ideal price.
8. Instructions on how to grow vegetables on substrates at home
8.1 Techniques for seeding vegetable seedlings on small potting trays
Prepare trays, substrates and sow seeds: choose a small tray with dimensions of 30 x 60 cm to sow vegetable seeds. Should choose a quality type and suitable for your plant variety. Seedling care: arrange trays in rows, in beds and water daily. About 10 to 15 days, you can plant it.
8.2 How to grow vegetables on a medium when switching to a large pot
Prepare the substrate: mix 40% sawdust + 40% microbial fertilizer, rotting organic waste + 20% microbial fertilizer. Then you close the big potting trays to transfer the pots to the seedlings. Planting: Use your fingers to gently press the bottom of the pot to take out the whole pot and then plant it in a large pot. Care: use micro-fertilizers. or fertilizer for clean vegetables to fertilize the plants, you can use a rotating grid system or water with a pump to keep the plants moist. Harvest: after switching to a large potting tray or growing on a bed, About 15 to 20 days, you can harvest.
Hopefully with the above sharing of HydroWorks you can know what the price is? There are a few popular types of substrates available today. You should know the technique of growing clean vegetables on a substrate so that you can quickly harvest the best vegetables for your family.
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If you still have questions about any issues related to this, or want to buy hydroponic growing media, please contact us or visit https://www.riclix.com. The staff will gladly advise you.