What is sciatica? Symptoms, causes and treatment 2021 What is sciatica? Symptoms, causes and treatment 2021

Sciatica or sciatica causes pain in the lumbar spine that radiates down the hips, behind the buttocks, thighs, and heels. It seriously affects the movement, work and daily life of the patient. So what causes sciatica? What is the treatment? Let’s find out with the experts right here!

What is sciatica?

The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in the body, extending from the spinal cord to the hip and back of the lower leg. Sciatica is pain when the sciatic nerve is damaged or compressed.

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This is a symptom of a neurological disease, not a disease, usually controlled after 4 to 8 weeks of treatment.

Symptoms of sciatica

Typical sciatica symptoms include:

Back pain extending through the hips and buttocks, down one leg. The pain is aggravated by sitting, coughing, or sneezing. There may be numbness in the feet, such as being bitten by ants or stinging. The pain can be mild, aching, burning, or extremely painful. Severe sciatica can make it difficult to move or even walk.

Symptoms usually come on suddenly and last for a few days or weeks.

Causes of sciatica

The most common cause is a herniated disc. Discs act as cushions between the vertebrae of the spine. These discs become weaker with age and are more susceptible to damage. As the spinal discs bulge out, and put pressure on the nerve root will cause sciatica.

Spine stenosis

The natural wear and tear of the vertebrae can lead to spinal stenosis. Spinal stenosis can put pressure on the roots of the sciatic nerve, causing sciatica, which is common in elderly people over 60 years of age.

Spine tumor

In rare cases, sciatica can be caused by tumors growing inside or along the spinal cord or sciatic nerve. As a tumor grows, it can put pressure on the nerve. branching from the spinal cord.

Degenerative arthritis

This can also be the cause of sciatica pain. When you have arthritis, degeneration will cause irritation or swelling of the sciatic nerve.

Pearl muscle syndrome

The pear muscle is the muscle found deep inside the buttocks. It connects the lower spine to the upper femur and runs directly through the sciatic nerve. If this muscle goes into spasm, it can put pressure on the nerve. sciatica, causing sciatica symptoms. Pear muscle syndrome is more common in women.

Injury or infection

Other causes of sciatica include muscle inflammation, infection, or trauma, such as a fracture.

In general, any condition that irritates or compresses the sciatic nerve can cause sciatica symptoms.

In some cases, no specific cause of sciatica can be found.

Patients prone to sciatica

People between the ages of 30 and 50. Pregnant women are more likely to experience it due to pressure on the sciatic nerve from the uterus.

Diagnosis of sciatica

Includes medical examination and diagnostic imaging

Doctor examines

To diagnose sciatica, the doctor asks about the condition. Questions like: Where is the pain located? How did it start?

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Your doctor may ask you to squat, walk on your toes, heels, or elevate your legs without bending your knees. Here’s how to help your doctor determine if the sciatic nerve may be irritated.

If you are having health problems, DON’T HEAR to share. The doctor will consult you for FREE!

Diagnostic Imaging

Combined with examination, imaging is used to diagnose. Your doctor may order imaging tests to get more information about the location and cause of an irritated sciatic nerve. Consists of:

X-ray: Identify bone abnormalities but cannot detect neurological problems. Computed tomography (CT) scan: Contrast dye is used to obtain images of the spinal cord and nerves. Thereby determining the cause of sciatica pain and treatment direction. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): See the connection of the vertebrae, ligaments and muscles.

Is sciatica dangerous

?Most cases of sciatica go away in a few days or weeks and cause no lasting harm. However, in very rare cases complications can occur with loss of optical or bowel control. At that time, it is necessary to go to the hospital for examination immediately, to avoid permanent consequences.

Here are the dangerous complications of sciatica:

Loss of foot control. Loss of mobility. Muscle atrophy, stiffness. Scoliosis, spine deformity, hunchback. Permanent lower limb paralysis. Horsetail syndrome. Compression of internal organs. Abnormal sweat secretion.

Can sciatica be cured

?Sciatica can be completely cured. The treatment is cured Whether or not depends on many factors, including:

What is the cause of sciatica Patient’s condition Current condition Patient’s will Appropriate treatment Method of care

Statistical results of Vietnam Forestry show that: Up to 90% of sciatica patients recover and function normally after proper treatment. What patients need to do is early detection and timely treatment to limit complications caused.

The most effective way to treat sciatica

There are many ways to treat sciatica pain, each with different results. Patients can refer to some of the following measures, from which consult a doctor, choose the most suitable way.

Calorific method

Nerve pain can be relieved at home with hot or cold compresses.

Apply a heating pad or ice pack to the painful area for about 20 minutes. Do it continuously, two hours apart. You can experiment with hot or cold compresses to see which offers greater comfort, or alternate between the two.

Prescription drugs

Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen can provide short-term pain relief. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. Your doctor may prescribe steroid injections to reduce inflammation.

Physical therapy

Although sciatica can be painful, try to stay active. Movement can help reduce pain and inflammation. Apply physical therapy such as gentle pulling of hamstrings, lower back. Combine with yoga or tai chi to stabilize the affected area and enhance the healing effect.

Note: Depending on the patient’s health condition, some exercises may not be recommended. Patients may be advised to take short, gentle walks.

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In severe, severe pain patients may be given steroid injections into the spine for faster pain relief. Because it will directly affect the area around the sciatic nerve.

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Treatment of sciatica with male medicine

Piper lolot

In folk medicine, guise leaves are an important medicine in many remedies for bone and joint diseases. Some diseases such as rheumatism, spine spurs, back pain, osteoarthritis, bone aging, rheumatoid arthritis… are very effective.


Gotu kola is known for its effect of clearing heat, detoxifying, cooling the liver, and eating effectively. But very few people know that using blood vegetable juice is also a safe and effective way to treat sciatica.

Just drink 1-2 bowls of gotu kola juice every day, after a while the condition of sciatica is significantly improved.

Scratched grass

According to many studies, grass scratch has many effects in supporting and treating bone and joint diseases, cardiovascular disease, sciatica is one of them.


A precious ginseng only found in Vietnam, growing naturally in the high mountains in Quang Nam, Kontum…

Using Ngoc Linh ginseng helps regenerate cartilage in joints, balance cartilage regeneration and degeneration, avoid rubbing the ends of bones, discs causing disc bulges …

Surgical treatment – ​​Surgery

If sciatica is caused by a herniated disc and the disease is still causing severe pain after 4-6 weeks, your doctor may recommend surgery. This procedure removes part of the disc to relieve pressure on the sciatic nerve.

According to statistics, about 90% of patients are treated with this method. Other surgical methods can also be used to relieve sciatica pain caused by spinal stenosis.

After surgery, the patient should avoid driving, lifting, or bending forward for about a month. For faster results, your doctor may recommend physical therapy.

Complementary therapy

Some additional measures when treating sciatica such as acupuncture, yoga, massage, chiropractic adjustments can provide effective pain relief.

Drugs for sciatica

Sciatica is rarely a single disease. As mentioned above, the main cause of sciatica is a herniated disc, and in fact, sciatica is a complication of this disease. The sciatic nerve is closely related to the muscular system and lower extremity mobility, so the immediate need to resolve is to release the compression to avoid the risk of atrophy and paralysis of the legs. In the long term, definitively treat the cause of the disease to prevent the risk of long-term recurrence.

The basic treatment mechanism and principles are the same, but not all methods are satisfactory. There are people who have been tired and miserable to endure this disease to the point of “dead and alive again”, but they are also fortunate to find the right path named An Cot Nam.

The most effective medicine for sciatica treatment

Osteoarthritis in general and sciatica in particular are very difficult to cure completely if the patient does not choose a really effective method. However, in reality, the above medicines for sciatica only bring temporary effects. So, Many people have relapsed after stopping taking the drug for a while.

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Understanding the pain of osteoarthritis patients, the doctors of Tam Minh Duong Traditional Medicine Clinic have spent a lot of time and dedication to research and prepare the remedy of An Cot Nam. Different from other product lines on the market that only include a single therapy, An Cot Nam offers outstanding treatment results thanks to a Tripod regimen consisting of oral medication – plaster – physical therapy and exercise. specialized. Thereby helping patients to thoroughly treat the disease from the inside out.

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To bring about an intensive and comprehensive treatment effect, An Cot Nam remedy is formulated according to an extremely strict and rigorous process. After the herbs are harvested, they will be cleaned and put in a high pressure cooker to boil. In particular, the heating process must always be maintained at 100 degrees Celsius and lasts continuously for 24 hours. Thanks to that, the high content obtained will be kept at the most stainable level, does not contain new drugs, does not use additives, does not cause side effects to the body.

Not only that, with the dosage form being pure high, the absorption efficiency of the body will be 3, 4 times higher than that of the drug in single, complete or dispersed form. Special drugs for sciatica are available in ready-to-use form, so patients don’t have to waste time cooking.

If oral medicine is considered a spearhead to attack the disease from the inside, the paste can provide quick and effective pain relief. Compared with conventional pain relievers, using An Cot Nam paste will be safer and more effective.

In addition, adjuvant exercises and physical therapy will help patients limit complications such as muscle atrophy, limb paralysis. In particular, patients who buy An Cot Nam will receive 3 free physiotherapy sessions at the pharmacy for free. Thereby helping you to save some treatment costs.

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The effectiveness of An Cot Nam has been highly appreciated by many leading experts and doctors. During the talk “Living healthy every day” broadcast live on VTV2, Dr. Hoang Khanh Toan (Head of the Eastern Department of 108 Hospital) gave many compliments about An Cot Nam. Listen to the doctor’s share here:

Some other advantages of An Cot Nam:

100% of medicinal herbs are obtained from the Institute of Medicinal Materials of the Ministry of Health, meeting CO – CQ standards. Exclusively provided by Tam Minh Duong Traditional Medicine Clinic – The unit has achieved “Safety brand for public health” in 2018. It has been reported by many press agencies, media and verified by many patients. The treatment process is always closely monitored by a team of highly qualified doctors at the pharmacy.

In addition, to better understand the effectiveness of treatment using An Cot Nam sciatica, readers can listen to stories of patients who have successfully treated their disease after using An Cot Nam, including the special case of MC.Quyen Linh used An Cot Nam 3lt and recovered.

If you are having health problems, DON’T HEAR to share. The doctor will consult you for FREE!