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What is C6H12O6

Glucose is a simple carbohydrate simplest (monosaccharide). Glucose with the molecular formula C6H12O6 exists in both open and cyclic forms. In solution, they are only in the form of a hexagonal ring consisting of alpha and eta forms.

Physical properties

Glucose is a colorless, crystalline substance that melts at 146 degrees Celsius. (alpha form) and 150 degrees Celsius (eta form). They have a sweet taste but not as sweet as cane sugar. glucose is found in plant parts such as leaves, flowers, roots, and ripe fruit. Above all, it is most abundant in ripe grapes, so glucose is also known as grape sugar. Glucose is also present in the body of humans and animals.

Chemical properties

Scientists know the structure of glucose based on a number of specific reactions. Glucose is an complex compound, in the molecule has the structure of a monofunctional aldehyde with 1 -CH=O group and a 5-functional alcohol containing 5 adjacent OH groups. The chemical structure of open-chain glucose is as follows:

CH2OH – CHOH – CHOH – CHOH – CHOH -CH=O

Or in short: CH2OH4CHO

Thus, glucose has the chemical properties of aldehydes and multifunctional alcohols

Properties of polyfunctional alcohols

Solubility precipitation of copper(II) hydroxide Cu(OH)2 gives a blue-green copper-glucose complex solution Reaction to form esters containing 5 acetate radicals when reacted with acetic anhydride

Properties of aldehydes

Mirror coating reaction when adding AgNO3/NH3 solution, creating a silver Ag precipitate that adheres to the wall of the test tube (so called silver coating). Glucose can reduce Cu(OH)2 catalyzed by NaOH, creating a brick red precipitate of Cu2O. Glucose discolors the bromine solution. Hydrogenation reaction: The CH=O radical adds H2 to form the CH2-OH radical.

Watching: What is C6h12o6

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Other properties

Alcohol fermentation: Glucose under the action of enzymes catalyzes the formation of ethyl alcohol C2H5OH and carbon dioxide CO2. Lactic acid fermentation reaction: there is lactic acid production CH3-CH(OH)-COOH lactic acid.

typical chemical equation of C6H12O6

Chemical equation with C6H12O6 as the reactant

1 C6H12O6 → CO2 + CH3CH2OH

2 O2 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2

3 H2SO4 + KMnO4 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + K2SO4 + MnSO4

< p>4 C6H12O6 → CO2 + C2H5OH

5 NH4OH + C6H12O6 + NO3 → H2O + NH3 + Ag + NH4NO3 + HCOOH

6 NaOH + CuSO4 + C6H12O6 → H2O + Na2SO4 + Cu2O + HCOOH

7 KNO3 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + KNO2

8 CO2 + C6H12O6 → O2 + C12H22O11

9 C6H12O6 → CO2CH3CH2OH

10 C6H12O6 → H2O + C

11 H2SO4 + K2Cr2O7 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + K2SO4 + Cr2(SO4)3

12 C6H12O6 → CO2 + C2H6O

13 C6H12O6 + OH → H2O + NH3 + Ag + C6H11O7NH4

14 H2SO4 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + SO2

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15 NH4OH + C6H12O6 + NO3 → H2O + NH3 + Ag + NH4NO3 + C6H12O8

16 HNO3 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + NO2

17 C6H12O6 → CO2 + CH4

18 O2 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO

19 NaOH + KMnO4 + C6H12O6 → H2O + MnO2 + K2MnO4 + C6H11O7Na

20 C6H12O6 → C3H6O3

21 O2 + C6H12O6 → C6H12O7

22 KClO3 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + KCl

23 K2SO4 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + K2SO3

24 H2O + C6H12O6 → H2 + H:+ + HCO3:- + CH3COO:-

25 Cu(OH) )2 + C6H12O6 → H2O + 2Cu

26 NaOH + CuSO4 + C6H12O6 → H2O + Na2SO4 + Cu2O + C6H12O7

27 H:+ + C6H12O6 + NO3:- → H2O + CO2 + N2

28 KMnO4 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + K2CO3 + MnO

29 HNO3 + KMnO4 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + KNO3 + Mn(NO3)2< /p>

30 NaOH + KMnO4 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + KOH + MnO2 + C3H4O3Na

31 NaOH + KMnO4 + C6H12O6 → H2O + KOH + MnO2 + C3H4O3Na

32 NaOH + KMnO4 + C6H12O6 → H2O + KOH + MnO2 + Na2CO3

33 CuO + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + Cu

34 KOH + KMnO4 + C6H12O6 → H2O + K2MnO4K + C6H11O

35 KNO3 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + KOH + N2

36 NaOH + Cu(OH)2 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CuOH + C6H11O7Na

37 C6H12O6 → H2O + C12H22O11

38 C6H12O6 → CH3COOH

39 O2 + C6H12O6 → CO2 + H6O

40 H2O + H2 + C6H12O6 + CH(CH2COONa) → CO2 + Na + C2H6O

41 C6H12O6 + AgO2 → H2O + CO2 + Ag

42 H:+ + Cr2O7:2- + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + Cr:3+

43 O2 + C6H12O6 + C12H22O11 + C2H4O + C4H6O2 → H2O + CO2

44 O2 + C6H12O6 + C2H4O + C4H6O2 → H2O + CO2

45 NaClO3 + C6H12O6 → H2O + CO2 + NaCl

46 CaSO4 + C6H12O6 → SO2 + CaO + C6H12O7

< p>C6H12O6 chemical equation

1 H2O + CO2 → O2 + C6H12O6

2 H2O + C12H22O11 → C6H12O6

3 C11H22O11 → C6H12O6

4 CO2 + C2H5OH → C6H12O6

5 CH2O → C6H12O6

6 H2O + C6H10O5 → C6H12O6< /p>

Review exercise for C6H12O6

Lesson 1: The stage of photosynthesis that actually makes up C6H12O6 in sugarcane Which of the following is the stage?

A. Photolysis of water. B. Calvin Cycle. C. Light phase. D. Mix dark.

answer:

The stage of photosynthesis that actually produces C6H12O6 in sugarcane is the Calvin cycle.

answer B

Lesson 2: Identify c2h5oh ch3cooh c6h12o6

solution:

Use Cu(OH)2 to add to the 3 liquids mentioned above, dd will see a colored precipitate. If it turns red, it’s C6H12O6.

Add red litmus to the remaining 2 dd, if it turns red, it’s CH3COOH, the rest that won’t change litmus is C2H5OH.

< p>

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