Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an inflammation of the transparent membrane on the surface of the eyeball (white), the conjunctiva of the eyelids. The disease is very common (acute accounts for higher incidence than chronic), easily treated and can be avoided.

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The disease can occur in all genders, all ages: children, adults, the elderly. Conjunctivitis is contagious and can become epidemic in spring-summer.

Common causes of conjunctivitis are:

Virus: is the most common cause of disease, in which adenovirus accounts for 80% of acute inflammation cases. The disease is very contagious by direct contact with the patient’s tears; cough, sneeze when sore throat or flu is accompanied. But it usually clears up on its own within days without treatment.

Bacteria: Common causes of conjunctivitis are Staphylococus, Hemophilus Influenza … ranked second after viruses, can cause severe damage if not treated. The disease is transmitted through tear secretions or objects contaminated with secretions. into the eyes.

– Allergies (dust, pet dander, pollen, drugs, chemicals…): account for 15%-40%, it is difficult to determine the exact cause of allergies, depending on the location of each person, often occurs seasonally , which can be persistent or recurrent.

Symptoms of conjunctivitis

Symptoms of conjunctivitis depend on the causative agent, and are usually contagious after 3-5 days of onset:

Viral conjunctivitis:

– Jealousy, itching, watery eyes – a lot of trouble.

– Conjunctival edema, pseudomembranous edema.

– Reduced vision, glare when complications of dry eye – corneal infiltration.

– One or both eyes may be affected

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Bacterial conjunctivitis:

– Yellow or pale yellow gel causes sticky 2 eyelids when waking up in the morning.

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– Itching, watery eyes

Severe cases can cause corneal ulcers, irreversible vision loss.

– One or both eyes may be affected

Allergic conjunctivitis:

– Watery eyes, itchy eyes, often accompanied by allergic rhinitis.

The disease occurs in both eyes.

– Non-communicable disease

How to care and treat conjunctivitis

The treatment of conjunctivitis depends on the causative agent of the inflammation:

Viral conjunctivitis: usually self-limited within a few days without treatment. Patients can apply cold compresses, wash eyes with cold and clean water to relieve symptoms of discomfort. Can use artificial tears along with antibiotics to prevent superinfection.

Bacterial conjunctivitis: use small broad-spectrum antibiotics and/or eye ointment as prescribed by your doctor

– Allergic conjunctivitis: avoid contact with allergens, use anti-inflammatory – antiallergic, stabilize mast cells locally or take medication as prescribed by your doctor. Artificial tears wash away and ease the itching sensation.

Measures to prevent conjunctivitis:

If we have basic knowledge about conjunctivitis, we can avoid spreading and infecting ourselves and our family.

– Use towels, personal items separately in the family and workplace

– Do not rub your eyes, cover your mouth and nose when sneezing or having a runny nose.

– Wash hands often, especially after contact with sick people, in public places (schools, hospitals, agencies with people with conjunctivitis)

– Use hand sanitizer

– If you use contact lenses, you should consult a doctor and examine them when there are symptoms of watery eyes. Soak and clean contact lens daily

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– Wear eye protection when going out, in a dusty working environment, wearing glasses when swimming.

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– Enhance the addition of nutrients such as vitamins C, A, E …

Because conjunctivitis has many causes and can cause irreversible vision loss, you need to see and consult an ophthalmologist.