Atrium is a word used to refer to a large space, usually an atrium, located inside a building. The atrium was a common architectural element in ancient Roman buildings that often provided light and ventilation for interiors. The modern atrium, developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, is typically multi-story, with a glazed roof or large windows. Atrium is usually designed in the lobby, the main entrance. In this article, HOMA architects introduce you to Atriums of 3 different projects, thereby sharing with you some of our approaches when designing Atrium spaces.
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Atriums are often created using negative volume when a portion of the floor space is designed to be empty. The vacancy of one to two floors or even multiple floors gives the building a sense of generous space and light. Usually the atrium is the main spatial highlight of the building. With high-rise buildings, creating atrium space is almost indispensable so that the building can communicate with people through the appropriate sense of proportion.
For example, a tall atrium with 8 floors tells people that this is a very large building. For small and medium projects, besides language and scale issues, the decision to create atrium space also needs to be considered in economic terms because of the limitation of area and the cost of floor exploitation area – especially. especially in busy urban areas such as Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.
Not to mention the large office towers over 30 floors that require expensive infrastructure and construction costs in busy urban areas, which are gradually popularizing medium-sized office buildings with a height of less than 10 floors and a small area. more than 10 000m2. The small size allows these buildings to adapt to limited land while taking advantage of their central location and ability to adapt to a variety of office needs:
Representative office of a single company or office building shared among many companies. Regardless of the exploitation case, the atrium space is extremely important for small and medium-sized office buildings because it represents the image of the building, makes the first impression and is also the place where many interactions happen. community cooperation between people and construction works.
Through the design consultation process of many office buildings, we draw a few principles for ourselves when designing the atrium as follows:
Principle 1: Atrium design means Architectural design at the same time as interior design.
Explanation: Atrium is the architecture in the interior of the building, so it has to do both.
Principle 2: Concentration and Coherence to the fullest extent, as coherent as the building’s own declaration of independence.
Explanation: What could be worse than a stammered and obscure manifesto could only be a bland and compromised atrium. Determine your priority and make it the center of your design. All less relevant ones will be removed.
Principle 3: If you have done it, you must do it
Explanation: Either way, if you sacrifice the mining area, you must make the atrium worth the sacrifice and bring more benefits to the building than the cost.
With the above 3 principles, we spend most of our time getting to know the building users. It is their usage habits that are the key to creating their own atriums in the building. This is the secret so that no two atriums are alike. Usage habits will define traffic and affect building performance.
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1. Hoa Phat Group
Hoa Phat building lobby: the current building has no atrium – a pity for a building located right on Tran Hung Dao street.
The 3 major interventions we recommend for this design include:
– Cut a large floor area to create an atrium. This space is essential to create volumetric height for the main hall;
– Put in there a large reception block and stairs leading to the 2nd floor;
The current square columns are rounded by large bundles of steel pipes running through 2 floors. This move makes the columns more friendly to human circulation and enhances the elegance of the space;
The results achieved: The space is more focused and has more emphasis. The steel columns at the same time respect the brand image value of the corporation’s steel products.
2. FPT Corporation
The lobby of the office building of FPT Corporation: In this project, we focus on the human identity of the leading technology corporation in Vietnam. We want to make FPT’s DNA Chain present and throughout the building.
After studying the architectural design documents provided by the investor. We realize that the atrium from the 1st to the 7th floor is a very valuable space for the building. This space brings the atmosphere and view like the value that a lake brings to the city. To enhance the value of the atrium we created many public areas around it on each floor for easy access and created a multitude of interesting viewpoints around this space. Spatial This is an endless source of ideas for decorating ideas for every occasion and is also an ideal space for technology demonstrations.
The floors are connected by a double helix staircase that we call FPT’s DNA sequence. With this ladder, people can easily move between lower floors without having to use the elevator. Especially at mealtimes, the stairs are the place where people meet and greet, maintaining a close working relationship with each other.
In addition, this can also be the place to organize competitions and physical training movements of employees. The foot of the ladder spreads out like a mini stand. A grand piano is placed in the space between the two ladders, which is an artistic highlight dedicated to the impromptu performances of FPT’s musical talents that people can directly sit around and appreciate. The DNA helix represents the spirit and vitality across generations of FPT, the talented, strong and united generations.
3. Bitexco Corporation
Atrium Sales building combined with Bitexco operating room: we focus on the impressive element of the magnificence and luxury of a large urban area for customers to visit. The interior space of the public area is a large atrium space with luxurious materials and matching the project’s logo color.
In particular, structural columns are released from the 2nd floor floor to reach the full height of 2 floors, creating an impression of elegance. A warm white stone color accentuates the metallic gold color, affirming the classic elegance of the whole project.
The atrium has become as familiar to building users as it is to architects and civil engineers. Users love the atrium because they can create dynamic and emotionally stimulating interior environments. They can organize group activities that are shielded from adverse weather but still attached to natural light and openness. The design of the atrium is interesting in that it is both an architectural design and an interior design, so designing an atrium is not easy.
The common traps are the mistake of human proportions that make the space become empty and confusing or conversely, too narrow and secretive. A lack of discipline and acumen can turn a large volume in a building into a meaningless dry space where people feel bored and have no interest in going. Without a universal formula for designing an atrium, it’s hard to design an atrium based on a recipe like cooking. It’s an impromptu little piece of music throughout the building’s grand track.
HOMA Architects follow only a few basic principles, the rest is due to their sensitivity to specific cases to create opportunities for exploration of the atrium space.
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Atrium design needs to smoothly combine the ability to create space, interior decoration skills and understanding of users. Although it is difficult, HOMA architects are all excited about the design of the atrium because the reward for the architect is to find a suitable and unique atrium space. But the time to make the atrium is also the time the architect has to sacrifice at the same time the investor sacrifices the floor space because the TKP unit price for the atrium is unchanged compared to other places while the effort is too much.