In the previous article, I explained to you important concepts such as “Social problem” and “Research problem”. Hope you have grasped the content that I share. In this article, I will introduce the components related to the research proposal.

In general, a research proposal usually includes:

Problem statement > Meaning of the topic > Research overview > Research object and object > Scope (space, time, research content) > Research question > Research hypothesis > Method Research > Analytical Framework.

1. Identify the problem

You can read the detailed content of this section in the article “Determining the research problem”

2. Meaning of the topic

This section answers the question. What contribution will your research bring? Or what will we get (reward) when conducting this research successfully? A rather pragmatic point of view, but scientific research is a laborious and brain-consuming activity. The way of thinking makes it hard to stand up in today’s academic world

Sometimes, the significance is also considered as a reason or a criterion to measure and measure the worth of the topic before approving and granting funding. Usually, the meaning of the research topic consists of two contents:

Theoretical meaning:

Any scientific research makes a certain contribution to the development of that scientific field. Research results make an academic, argumentative, methodological contribution to science – seen as meaningful action.

Viewing: What is a research object?

Practical implications:

The second contribution in scientific research in general is to provide understanding of the objective world, thereby changing the status quo and research problems. In other words, they are contributions that can be applied to life.

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3. Document overview

You can find and read the detailed content of this section in the article “Document overview”

4. Objects & Research Objects

In the natural sciences and engineering, people sometimes only use the concept of the object of study, but in the social sciences – the science of the human world, the scientific community has to use one more term called as “research object”. These are arguably two of the most confusing terms in social science research.

In fact, the story is very simple, you can understand it simply as follows:


A word for things. Answer the question what do we study? The phenomena, expressions, activities, events… that are observed, researched, analyzed by science – are all called research objects.

For example: negative phenomena, recession manifestations, business activities, coffee drinking habits, etc.


A word for people. Answer the question who do we study? Students, businessmen, soldiers, doctors, workers, terrorist forces, separatists… those who participate in or carry in themselves characteristics related to the research object are called research subjects.

For example, the negative phenomenon of the police, the deterioration of state officials, the business activities of An Tay market small traders, the livelihood development strategy of the people of Ha Tinh, the phenomenon of using documents of students…

Objects and Research Objects are two extremely important contents, so these two pieces of information need to appear right from the moment we give the topic title and appear on the first outermost page of the research report. .

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5. Research scope

When it comes to photography or painting, the artist cannot reproduce the entire frame they see, composing all the time and containing all the content in just one frame. Often we will just manipulate to capture the most expensive and most feasible moment. So is the scope of the study.

Think of composition when taking photos

Spatial coverage: Answer the question, where will you do your research. Administrative terms will help you. For example, the study was conducted in village A, commune B, district C, province D.

Time Range: In response to the question, when (duration) or for how long (duration) did you do this study. For example, the study was conducted for 4 months, from December 2018 to April 2019.

Scope of Content: Obviously, you won’t have the resources and manpower to tackle all of the issues. So, in the problem section, I advised you to narrow down your social problem to a research problem. Content coverage answers the question, what content will most of your research analyze?

For example, in this study, we are mainly interested in the macro-interaction dimension between economic groups rather than the micro-interaction between individuals between corporations.

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Audience – Audience – Research scope shows what your research really focuses on, contributing to the size and feasibility of the research. This is the content that needs to show ingenuity in choosing and present.

See you in the next post!

Main references:

Gordon Mace & Francois Petry (2013), “The handbook for building research projects in the social sciences”, Knowledge Publishing House Michel Beaud (2014), “The art of writing thesis”, Knowledge Publishing House Nguyen Xuan Nghia (2010), “Methods & techniques in social research”, Phuong Dong Publishing House Nguyen Van Tuan (2018), “Data analysis with R”, City General Publishing House. Ho Chi Minh City Nguyen Van Tuan (2018), “Going into scientific research”, City General Publishing House. Ho Chi Minh City Phan Van Quyet & Nguyen Quy Thanh (2001), “Sociological Research Methods”, Hanoi National University Publishing House

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