The domain was introduced as one of the first top-level domains (TLDs) when it first implemented the Domain Name System for use by the Internet in January 1985. Originally created to express the “commercial” intent of a website, it has since become at the heart of a digital revolution reshaping the way people work, live, play, connect. with family and friends.

Detailed History of .com

The first domain name was claimed on March 15, 1985 by a computer manufacturer called Symbolics, Inc. Before that, Intel was a project largely driven by universities and computer scientists, who used the network to exchange information and research. As more and more people and organizations started using this network, it became increasingly difficult to exchange information electronically. Learning how manually routing messages through gateways is an art form, and as the mail load gets heavier, people will sometimes be asked to stop using their connections .

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The need for some sort of organizational discipline is becoming increasingly apparent as more organizations connect to this nascent Internet. Bringing order to this increasingly chaotic universe has been entrusted to the legendary Jon Postel and his colleagues at the Institute of Information Science at the University of Southern California.

Postel became a Request for Comments (RFC) editor in 1969. As RFC editors, Postel and his colleagues shaped Inte as we know it today. In October 1984, RFC 920 “requires to establish a new domain name in the ARPA-Inte network and the DARPA research community” was published, setting the stage for the birth of the .com domain name.

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While we know that the first domain name was allocated to symbolics on March 15, 1985, the origin of the domain name is less clear. According to Craig Partridge, lead scientist at Raytheon BBN Technologies, the name for domains developed as systems has been created. At first, .cor was suggested as a domain name for corporations, but when the final version came out it was changed to .com.

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Jack Haverty, an Inte pioneer at MIT, says they don’t really think about business when developing those top-level domains. “I think the original domain name was derived from the word ‘company’ rather than ‘commercial’. Domain names are not the idea of ​​“businesses” when it comes to places where consumers go to buy things,” he wrote in an email. “They are companies that do government contract work. Intel then didn’t have the privilege of connecting businesses––it was a command-and-control network for the military, built by educational and government institutions, and contractors.” However, they seem to understand that some kind of commerce was born.

“I don’t remember anyone ever thinking we created an organizational structure to include hundreds of millions of entities that span the entire planet to support all human activities. And it certainly did not last for more than 30 years, even as an experiment. Things just happen that way.” – Jack Haverty, Internet pioneer

Verisign’s role in .com

Every domain name is provided by a registrar operator. As a registrar for .com domains, Verisign implements invisible navigation to help people get where they want to go on the Internet.

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With today’s average 219 billion DNS lookups––and at peaks far exceeding this–––it’s critically important that Verisign’s Inte services work day and night. To do this, we designed a complex service from the ground up to address a variety of complex, high-volume, real-time needs. This includes diverse hardware, operating systems, middleware and custom applications, power providers and network service provider diversity, and a number of other protections.

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For more than 15 years, Verisign has operated the infrastructure for a portfolio of top-level domains that today include .com, .net, .tv, .edu, .gov, .jobs, . name and .cc, as well as two of the world’s 13 Internet origin servers. Our commitment is to ensure that the infrastructure implemented by Verisign is operating at its peak to enable the innovation needed to address the needs of the future, while also addressing the needs of the future. demand of today.