According to statistics of the Ministry of Health, the number of people suffering from cardiovascular diseases is increasing day by day. In which, dyslipidemia leading to the risk of heart diseases is quite common. However, people can still control their chances of developing diseases caused by this disorder if they are caught early. So what are the common signs of dyslipidemia?

1. Dyslipidemia is what disease

?The condition of dyslipidemia, also known as fatty blood, is caused by the high content of lipids in the blood. In it, mainly includes Cholesterol, Triglyceride and some other components. When cholesterol and triglyceride levels rise suddenly, it will reduce the amount of good blood fat in the body (HDL – Cholesterol), causing dyslipidemia in the blood.

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More and more patients with fatty blood

Patients with fatty liver disease, if the disease is not detected early and treated promptly, it is likely to lead to a number of other more serious diseases. The most typical are cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, hypertension, etc. In addition, when the blood fat concentration cannot be controlled despite the occurrence of cardiovascular complications, disease patients are often prone to cerebrovascular accidents.

According to doctors, too high a blood lipid level can lead to acute pancreatitis. If the patient is not examined and intervened early, it will likely lead to chronic pancreatitis. Another more serious complication that patients often experience is diabetes mellitus. This is also one of the very dangerous diseases and greatly affects the health and life of the patients. Therefore, people should actively learn the signs of dyslipidemia to easily recognize the disease at the earliest.

2. Common signs of dyslipidemia
The formation and progression of dyslipidemia is often quite vague, so it is difficult to recognize the disease. Because the development of the disease is also a process of biological transformation and usually takes place over a fairly long time. Therefore, this disease does not have many characteristic signs at the time of disease onset.

Signs of dyslipidemia are quite faint

Most patients are only diagnosed when the level of fat in the blood is too high, causing complications such as a yellow rash on the eyelids, knees and elbows or complications such as myocardial infarction, acute pancreatitis or ear infection. Cerebrovascular accident, etc. To help you easily identify the disease early, here are some common signs of dyslipidemia in patients:

2.1. Signs outside the body

Through external observations, you can also recognize blood lipids based on the following symptoms:

Corneal arc: slightly white, round, located around the iris. This is a high-value diagnostic symptom in patients under 50 years of age.

Erythema: concentrated on the lower or upper eyelids, and they can also be scattered around or localized in one location.

Jaundice neoplasm: mainly occurs in the tendons of the heel or the toes and fingers at the knuckles.

Toes – fingers with obvious yellow tendons

Subperiosteal jaundice: arises in the position of the anterior tibial tubercle or the elbow process (the upper part of the bone). This symptom is less common in patients than tendinitis.

Jaundice: Usually appears on the knees or elbows.

Palmar erythema: usually appears in the palm or the folds of the fingers.

2.2. Signs inside the body

Signs of dyslipidemia also appear inside the body with a few symptoms such as:

Atherosclerosis: this is the most common sign and helps to identify the disease easily. This condition usually occurs when the lipoproteins are already too high and is very worrisome indeed. However, very few cases are diagnosed with atherosclerosis, which is often accompanied by some other risk factors such as diabetes or smoking. When the arteries are damaged, it can easily lead to myocardial infarction, weakness and paralysis of the limbs.

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Retinal lipidosis: detected only when ophthalmoscopy and mainly seen in patients with too high levels of Triglycerides.

Fatty liver is a common manifestation in patients

Fatty liver: can appear in each area or the whole liver. To detect the disease, doctors often order tomography or ultrasound in the abdominal area. This symptom is often accompanied by elevated levels of triglycerides in the blood.

Acute pancreatitis: can appear when the level of Triglycerides is high, reaching 10 grams/L. Patients often have severe abdominal pain in episodes, nausea and vomiting a lot, sometimes accompanied by high fever.

3. Consequences of dyslipidemia

Similar to the signs of dyslipidemia, the consequences are not obvious, but mainly through other diseases. When the blood fat content is high, the part that is most affected is the arterial system. In addition, the endothelium inside the artery is also affected, causing hardening, creating plaques Atherosclerosis is deposited, limiting elasticity.

Dyslipidemia can lead to stroke

In some cases, patients were hospitalized with hemiplegia, mouth distortion, chest pain and were diagnosed with cerebrovascular accident and myocardial infarction due to atherosclerosis. However, it is a consequence caused by dyslipidemia in the blood. Most of these patients have a very low chance of recovery and recovery at that time. Therefore, everyone should take the initiative to prevent the disease from the very beginning to limit the dangerous complications caused by blood fat.

For patients with too high triglyceride levels leading to acute pancreatitis, many symptoms often appear. Typically, abdominal pain, low blood pressure, nausea, kidney failure or respiratory failure. Although dyslipidemia does not cause direct life-threatening consequences, it is a silent cause of death. Based on dangerous diseases related to heart disease, kidney failure or stroke.

4. Measures to prevent dyslipidemia

Dyslipidemia is a worrisome disease due to dangerous complications that affect many patients’ health. So is there any solution to help prevent this disorder? According to doctors, whether there are signs of dyslipidemia or not, people should still take the following measures to reverse or limit the possibility of disease:

Build and maintain a healthy lifestyle: sleep enough hours – right meals, eat enough meals, participate in recreational activities – sports to help keep the body healthy.

Exercise every day and give up unhealthy habits like drinking a lot of alcohol or smoking. To improve resistance, burn excess fat in the body.

Exercise to reduce the risk of disease

Add more vegetables and fruits in your diet.

It is advisable to maintain an appropriate weight based on ideal body mass index (BMI between 19 and 23). Should not be overweight because it easily leads to blood lipid disorders and many other serious diseases.

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Although the signs of dyslipidemia are not obvious at the time of the disease, it is still possible to control the disease by taking preventive measures. At the same time, taking part in the annual health checkup (once every 6 months) also helps you to easily detect the disease early and treat it promptly.

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