On the morning of November 16, the National Assembly passed a Resolution on the organization of urban government in Ho Chi Minh City with 420 delegates approving it (87%).
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With this resolution, Ho Chi Minh City will organize an urban government model, no longer have People’s Councils at district and ward levels and there will be cities within the city.
Accordingly, the urban government organizes an apparatus of 1 local government (city) and 2 administrative levels (districts and wards).
City government is organized including People’s Council and People’s Committee. The local government in the districts of the city is the District People’s Committee which is the state administrative agency in the district. The city does not organize the People’s Council of the district and the People’s Council of the ward.
District People’s Committee is the state administrative agency in the district, working under the headship regime, ensuring the principle of democratic centralism. This body consists of the chairman, no more than 3 vice presidents, professional agencies, other administrative agencies and public non-business units directly under the District People’s Committee.
The People’s Committee of the district is responsible for approving the medium-term and annual public investment plans of the wards; decided to assign the task of socio-economic development to the ward.
Ward People’s Committee is the ward-level state administrative agency and also works under the head regime, having the task of proposing investment policies for public investment programs and projects using state budget capital to superiors. This body is composed of the chairman, no more than two vice presidents and other civil servants of the ward People’s Committee.
The People’s Councils in districts and wards in Ho Chi Minh City will no longer exist, so the City People’s Council exercises the right to supervise the observance of the constitution and laws in the districts and wards of the district. The City Council also supervises the activities of the People’s Committee of the district, the People’s Committee of the ward of the district, the People’s Court of the district, and the People’s Procuracy of the district.
The removal of intermediate levels such as People’s Councils at district and ward levels helps the apparatus operate faster and more efficiently, but raises concerns about the people’s democratic and supervisory rights.
In this regard, former Secretary of the Ho Chi Minh City Party Committee Nguyen Thien Nhan said that compared to 10 years ago, now in addition to the supervision mechanism by the People’s Council and the National Assembly deputies, the city has four new mechanisms to increase supervision.
These mechanisms include the monitoring mechanism of Party agencies with governments at all levels, smart city projects and e-government so that people can notify the government via phone and email channels.
People will exercise their right of direct and indirect supervision through the Vietnam Fatherland Front and socio-political organizations. The City Party Committee also reviewed and synchronized the supervision, inspection and inspection tasks of 4 agencies including the National Assembly, People’s Council, Fatherland Front and mass organizations, government inspection and inspection by the Party. Through this synchronization, the absorption of people’s opinions is closely.
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People will participate in the administration and management activities of the government through direct dialogue with leaders of People’s Committees at all levels at conferences or in regular contact with voters.
According to the report on examining the draft resolution of the National Assembly on the organization of urban government in Ho Chi Minh City, the Law Committee of the National Assembly also noted that the renewal of the urban government model in the city is an important issue and urgent.
For example, the organization of government in Son La is similar to that in Ho Chi Minh City, although these two localities have different socio-economic conditions. This creates many inadequacies, especially for large cities such as Ho Chi Minh City, Da Nang, and Hanoi.
Therefore, for many years, it has been proposed to build a model of urban government, with the form asymptotic to the western-style urban government and specifically to improve the management efficiency of cities.
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Mr. Nguyen Thien Nhan also explained that the implementation of the urban government model will help governments at all levels make decisions faster, especially highlighting the personal responsibility of the heads of government of the districts and wards.
And if that individual does not respond, it will be faster to replace the new one decided by the City People’s Committee and City Council.
Huynh Thanh Nhan, Director of the Ho Chi Minh City Department of Home Affairs, said that the central goal of the urban government model in Ho Chi Minh City is to organize the apparatus in a streamlined, reasonable and effective manner. effective.
In addition, the model will help the city increase its autonomy, self-responsibility and towards transparency in the management activities of the government.
All resources for the city’s development will be mobilized, helping to improve the people’s material and spiritual life and build a strong political system.
According to the Government’s impact assessment report, in the 2009-2016 period, Ho Chi Minh City was one of 10 localities that piloted not organizing the People’s Councils of districts, wards and wards according to the resolution of the National Assembly.
The pilot has shown many positive results such as: streamlining the apparatus, saving budget, overcoming duplication of functions and tasks of agencies.
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Previously, in November 2019, the National Assembly passed a resolution to pilot urban government in Hanoi city. In June 2020, the National Assembly passed a resolution to pilot an urban government model and a number of mechanisms and policies specific to the development of Da Nang city.