According to the Vietnam Sugarcane and Sugar Association (VSSA), the main liquid sugar is High-Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) an industrial product. processed from corn starch. It should be noted that HFCS is not a “natural” food, but a corn-based product of the modern food industry. Through this technology, corn starch is processed through two stages: chemical hydrolysis and biological enzyme isomerization to produce a syrupy liquid with a very high concentration of fructose as required. Of all natural sugars (sugary carbohydrates), fructose gives the fruit the highest sweetness and is most palatable to humans above glucose. Two characteristics make confectionery and soft drink manufacturers choose to use HFCS: (1) The sweetness, “pleasant taste” can be adjusted according to the ratio of fructose ingredients in the finished product. While cane sugar has a fixed composition of 50% glucose, 50% fructose, in HFCS manufacturers can actively increase the percentage of fructose to 55, 65 or even 90% according to customer requirements; and (2) The cost of HFCS liquid sugar is always 15-20% cheaper than cane sugar. Therefore, now in Vietnam, many confectionery and beverage factories have substituted this HFCS liquid sugar for cane sugar for profit, sometimes up to 70-80% of the ingredients! HFCS liquid sugar causes liver fat, obesity… Dr. David Ludwig, Boston Children’s Hospital in a study on the effects of sugary drinks on childhood obesity showed that children eat a lot of sugar, body mass index and obesity rates increase. .Dr. Kelly Brownell, Yale University, studied the effects of drinking carbonated soft drinks in Christchurch, England, also gave similar results. Schulze’s study published in JAMA in 2004, and population study African-American women in 2008 found that sugar-sweetened beverages increase the rate of type 2 diabetes. All serious, multicenter, multinational scientific studies provide a common explanation: With glucose, 100 percent of ingested fructose goes directly to and is metabolized in the liver. This is why many nutritionists label fructose as a hepatotoxin.

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In the liver, fructose will be metabolized and create the following unfavorable chain: (1) Fructose quickly converts to fructose-1-phosphate (F1P), depleting all phosphates of liver cells; (2) This process also produces waste in the form of uric acid. Uric acid blocks an enzyme that makes nitric oxide, the body’s natural blood pressure regulator, causing blood pressure to rise. Increased uric acid also causes gout, (3) Most of the F1P will be converted to pyruvate and then to citrate, stimulating the de novo lipogenesis system with free fatty acid products (FFAs). , ultra-low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs), and triglycerides (TGs) with the resulting hyperlipidemia, (4) Fructose stimulates g-3-p (activated glycerol), which catalyzes the binding of FFAs to TGs in cells fat, (5) FFAs from the liver will enter the muscles causing insulin resistance in the skeletal muscle (skeletal muscle insulin resistance), (6) The number of FFAs in the liver will form fat droplets in the liver, causing insulin resistance in the liver and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), (7) Insulin resistance puts stress on the pancreas and leads to diabetes.

Thus, the nutritionists conclude: “Although fructose is not fat, since all fructose is converted to fat, foods high in fructose are also high in fat, and a vicious cycle occurs” and “Fructose is a poison to the liver no more, no less.” In addition, fructose also has harmful effects on the nervous system.

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Prof. Dr. Kathleen A. Page, University of Southern California, USA, fructose does not stimulate the secretion of leptin, the hormone that signals fullness, and does not inhibit ghrelin, the “hunger” hormone, as a result, the brain does not feel the signal of “fullness” that makes people continue to eat more and more energy. HFCS liquid sugar causes sugar addiction (sugarholic)In the US West, sweet sugar is causing sugar addiction, especially in children. According to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), compared with the early 20th century, American children now consume 10 times as much sugar as sweet, which is mainly from HFCS produced from starch. Corn.

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Sweet sugar stimulates the brain to produce dopamine, which acts as a “refreshment” hormone. Therefore, sugar addicts like and must eat sugar every day to feel comfortable, normal and uncomfortable, unable to adapt if there is a lack of sugar in food and water. In 2007, Dr. Serge Ahmed, a doctor the French study compared the level of “addiction” of rats to sugar and cocaine; As a result, 94% of rats are more addicted to sugar than to cocaine !!!Something to discussIn 1972, to reduce food prices in the “war against poverty”, President Richard Nixon and the US Department of Agriculture USDA encouraged introduced HFCS to replace sugar in processed foods, especially beverages, with the expectation of “a triple job” of reducing costs, reducing obesity and reducing cardiovascular disease. Therefore, in the United States, up to 55% of sweeteners in food and bottled water such as Coca Cola, Pepsi Cola, 7 Up, Chocolate, Soda… are HFCS. As a result, this prioritization and promotion of liquid sugars made the United States of America the most obese country in the world! A serious mistake of endocrinologists is to use fructose for diabetics: Because only With a low glycemic index (GI) of 22 units, which means that fructose raises blood sugar very slowly, some clinical nutritionists have suggested fructose for diabetics, but now after realizing it. The harmful effects of fructose should no longer apply. In 2016, the World Health Organization WHO called for all countries to impose a tax on sugary drinks to fight the obesity epidemic. “Governments tax sugary products, to ease suffering, save lives and reduce healthcare costs,” said Dr. Douglas Bettcher, Director of WHO’s Noncommunicable Diseases Unit. . Currently, almost all countries have a tax on soft drinks (sugary drinks tax) according to the sugar content of the product, the higher the tax, the higher the tax. In Vietnam, the Ministry of Finance plans to submit to the Government a proposal to tax soft drinks to apply from 2019. In my opinion, it is necessary to solve three current paradoxes in Vietnam: (1) one is despite the amount of sugar cane in inventory. over 750,000 tons, but since 2015 every year we still import nearly 100,000 tons of liquid sugar from China; (2) Second, while HFCS from importing countries is subject to the tax rate of 22.5%, the three countries China, Korea, and Thailand are given priority tax exemption, with a preferential tax rate of 0%. Ms. Duong Thi Chau, Deputy General Director of Thanh Cong Sugarcane Company, Tay Ninh lamented “Thanks to the exemption and dodging of liquid sugar tax, China has massively returned to Vietnam, causing difficulties for the domestic sugar industry”; and VSSA calculated that because of tax exemption with liquid sugar HFCS, in three years, from 2015 to 2017, we lost more than 500 billion VND in revenue; and (3) three is that while the Ministry of Finance proposes to levy excise tax on sugary drinks (except milk) up to 10% to have a fund to prevent obesity and diabetes, the import tax is exempted. HFCS from Korea, China and Thailand !

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