Question 25: Concept, function, effect and constitutional basis of B/L? (20d)

Concept:

A document for the carriage of goods by sea issued by the carrier or his representative to the shipper after the goods have been loaded on board the vessel or after the goods have been received for loading.

Watching: What is Cor?

The bill of lading has 3 main functions:

A bill of lading is a proof that the carrier has received on board the vessel with the quantity, type and condition of goods to transport the goods from the port of dispatch to the port of discharge. Thus, the bill of lading is the receipt of goods issued by the carrier to the consignor.

The original bill of lading is the document used to dispose of and receive the goods or the document certifying the ownership of the goods stated in the bill of lading.

A bill of lading is a proof that the contract of carriage of goods by sea has been signed.

Effect of bill of lading:

Is the legal basis governing the relationship between the loader, the consignee and the carrier.

It is the basis for customs declaration and import and export procedures.

It is the basis for receiving goods and determining the quantity of goods the seller sends to the buyer.

Together with other documents of goods to form a set of payment vouchers.

It is an important document in the set of claim documents for the insurer and other related people.

Used as a document of pledge, purchase, sale or transfer of goods stated in the bill of lading.

The consignee uses the original bill of lading together with the agency certification, or the identity document of the person stated on the bill of lading to get the Delivery Order from the Ship Agent. At the same time, carry out procedures to receive goods from ships or receive goods at their warehouses depending on agreed conditions.

B/L constitutional basis:

Goods have been received for loading or have been loaded on board. First mate’s receipt Based on the General loading report (General loading report) In the case of Mate’s Receipt there is a note (eg: bad goods, packaging). , code is not correct…), there must be a letter of guarantee from the shipper. Question 26: What types of BL can be issued by ocean carriers? Distinguish the difference between “Shipped on board BL” and “Received for shipment BL”? (15d)

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* Based on the way of transfer including:

+ Name bill of lading (Straight B/L)

+ Presented bill of lading or anonymous bill of lading (To bearer B/L)

+ Bill of lading (To order B/L)

*Based on the situation of loading and unloading goods

+ Lined bill of lading (Shipped on board B/L)

+ Bill of lading received for shipment (Received for shipment B/L)

* Based on the captain’s note on the bill of lading:+ Perfect bill of lading (Clean B/L)

+ A bill of lading containing defects of goods and containers is called an imperfect bill of lading (Unclean B/L).

*Based on the freight journey.

+ Direct arrival bill of lading (Direct B/L)

+ Bill of lading (Through B/L)

+ Combined bill of lading (Combined/Multimodal Transport B/L)

*Distinguish:

+ Lined bill of lading (Shipped on board B/L)

The bill of lading is issued after the goods have been loaded on the ship. Both the buyer and the paying bank are required to present this type of bill of lading, as it is proof that the seller has fulfilled its contractual obligations.

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+ Bill of lading received for shipment (Received for shipment B/L)

A bill of lading issued before the goods are loaded onto the ship. If the letter of credit is not specified, the bank will not accept the bill of lading.

Question 27: What is COR? Set up where? Main content? Prepare COR based on given information? (20d)

Certificate of damaged goods (Cargo outtur n report (COR)

In the process of loading and unloading goods, if the goods are found to be damaged or broken, the parties (ship, port, forwarder, warehouse) together make a record of the condition of the goods called COR. It is an important document in the shipping line or port complaint documents.

Set up where:

A cargo loss record with the ship is established in the event that there is a damaged cargo on board. Therefore, during the loading and unloading process, the cargo inspector must always be present at the hold of the ship and at the place where loading and unloading is being carried out together with the relevant record form attached.

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Main content:

The first part of the record shows the name of the train transporting the damaged goods: Bill of lading number, code, type of goods, number of boxes of packages, quantity of damaged goods, and shows the agent’s signature for certification. Port representative (usually cargo inspector, record maker and ship representative).

Question 28: What is Empty Container Delivery Order? Who establishes and grants to whom? Main content? (20d)

The order to deliver the container is issued by the shipping agent, and requires the empty container management department to supply the container to the customer for packing (packed at the yard or in a separate warehouse). Signed by shipping agent for customers (shippers).

There are 2 types of container delivery:

– Order to grant empty container with identifier.

– The command to grant empty containers does not specify the name.

*) Order to issue empty container with identifier: An order on which the container carrier or their agent requests the empty container management department to assign a specific container number.

*) Order to issue empty container without name: An order on which the carrier or Their agents do not ask for a specific container number (no container number). On this command, people only write the type of container, the owner exploits the container.

In the case of a non-index type, the container number entry will be left blank. The container management department determines the right type of container and delivers it to the customer.

When carrying out the delivery of empty containers according to the orders with the name, sometimes the port encounters difficulties due to having to move a large number of other containers to get the right container.

An empty container command must contain the following contents:

+ Customer’s name

+ Container number

+ Type and size

+ Container operator

+ Container yard after packing

If it is a specific type, the container number must be delivered to the correct container.

Question 29: What is COR and CSC? Establishment of CSC? Prepare COR based on given information? (20d)

+ Certificate of damaged goods (Cargo outtur n report – COR)

In the process of loading and unloading goods, if the goods are found to be damaged or broken, the parties (ship, port, forwarder, warehouse) together make a record of the condition of the goods called COR. It is an important document in the shipping line or port complaint documents.

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+ Certificate of shorlanded cargo (CSC)

Upon completion of the unloading of the imported goods, if the quantity of goods listed on the ROROC differs from the manifest, the consignee must request a record of the surplus. CSC is a document made on the basis of ROROC and Cargo Manifest.

Question 30: What is D/O? Function? Who is the issuer and receiver of the D/O? When issuing a D/O, what documents should the agent check and keep? (20d)

Concept:

Is a document made by the agent according to the form. The figures in the Delivery Order match the figures in the original Bill of Lading. After the consignee presents the original Bill of Lading and the prescribed documents (the agency’s introduction, the identity papers of the person who comes to receive the delivery order), the inspection agent then issues the order to the consignee. . The delivery order is usually made in 03 copies for the consignee to carry out the procedures for receiving goods: customs procedures, warehouses, etc.

Who signs and receives:

D/O is signed by the agent (agent) to the consignee (consignee).

When issuing D/O, agents need to check and keep:

Original valid bill of lading, Letter of introduction from the consignee’s agency, recipient’s ID card (notarized copy). Question 31: What is ROROC? Meaning? Setting up a ROROC? (30d)

Concept + Meaning:

After completing the loading and unloading of goods, the forwarding staff together with the ship’s representative sign a record confirming that the goods have been delivered and received, called the statement of delivery and receipt of goods with the ship. ROROC is made on the basis of delivery sheets for each trough and for each shift and day of the ship. It is used as a basis to prove the excess and lack of goods compared to the bill of lading when the ship delivers. On that basis as a basis to complain to shipping lines or sellers