The article was consulted by Specialist Doctor I Le Thi Thu Hang – Dermatologist – Department of Medical Examination & Internal Medicine – International General Hospital Hai Phong

Lupus is a well-known autoimmune disease that can affect almost any organ in the body. If not detected early and treated properly, the disease can cause many complications that seriously affect the patient’s health.

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Lupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune disease of unknown cause that affects many organs in the body. In severe cases, the disease can be life-threatening.

Normally, our body has an immune system against the invasion of foreign agents such as bacteria, viruses, etc. But in autoimmune diseases in general and lupus erythematosus in particular, our immune system The body loses the ability to distinguish familiar from foreign, it recognizes the body’s cells as foreign and attacks by producing antibodies against most organs.

The disease is also known as systemic lupus erythematosus. The word ‘lupus’ is a latin word for wolf, referring to the characteristic facial erythema that resembles a wolf bite’ the word ‘systemic’ refers to the disease affecting most organs. in the body.

Lupus erythematosus can come on suddenly or come on gradually over months or years. The disease affects almost every organ in the body, so the symptoms of the disease are varied and often worsen in the winter. Common symptoms are:

About three-quarters of patients develop an abnormal erythema on the skin. The most common is a butterfly-shaped erythema on the face, an erythema on the cheeks that crosses the bridge of the nose. This is a characteristic sign of systemic lupus erythematosus. Symptoms often appear in episodes, alternating between episodes is a period of remission. In the beginning, the disease symptoms are often vague. and like many other diseases. As a result, it can take up to several years from the time the first symptoms appear before an accurate diagnosis can be made.

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Systemic lupus erythematosus cannot be completely cured, but it can be controlled with proper treatment. During an exacerbation of the disease, the patient needs to rest, and at the same time, a reasonable exercise regimen is required to avoid muscle atrophy and stiffness.

Medications used in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus include:

Antimalarial drugs such as Hydroxychloroquine, Chloroquine have good effects on skin and joint lesions. Immunosuppressive drugs such as Cyclophosphamide (Endoxan), Azathioprine (Imuran), Cyclosporine (Sandimmun), … have many effects. dangerous side. Therefore, it is only used in severe disease, the patient does not respond to corticosteroids alone.

In addition to using drugs exactly as prescribed by the doctor, patients need to pay attention to:

Need to lead a healthy life, avoid psychological trauma, be active Do not stop suddenly, especially corticosteroids, because doing so can also cause an exacerbation of the disease.

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Thus, lupus erythematosus cannot be completely cured, but if the patient adheres to treatment, the disease can be controlled. At the same time, patients need to have a healthy lifestyle, avoid environmental agents to avoid severe disease progression or lead to dangerous complications. In particular, do not suddenly stop taking the drug without a doctor’s prescription.

Topic: Systemic lupus erythematosus Lupus erythematosus Lupus erythematosus Lupus erythematosus Late stage Lupus erythematosus Treatment