As human beings, all of us are familiar with the word “conscious” or “lack of consciousness”. What is consciousness? Consciousness is used to refer to what? What properties and structures does consciousness have? How do they affect psychology?

Let’s find out with ThanhBinhPsy in the article below.

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What is consciousness?

Concept of consciousness

Consciousness according to psychology is defined as the highest form of psychological reflection that exists only in humans. Consciousness is a reflection in language what people have absorbed in the process of reciprocating with the objective world.

Consciousness as defined by Wikipedia: “Consciousness as defined by Marxist-Leninist philosophy is a category parallel to the category of matter. Accordingly, consciousness is a reflection of the objective material world into the human brain and is subject to change and creativity. Consciousness has an organic relationship with matter.

Consciousness is the highest form of psychological reflection found only in humans

Consciousness and psychology are both reflections of the brain’s objective reality, both intrinsic and subjective. However, consciousness is also psychological but on a higher level. Consciousness makes people capable of self-reflection (reflection of reflection) and only when people are in a healthy and awake state.

The formation and development of individual consciousness and self-consciousness

Consciousness is formed in activities and expressed in the products of individual activities

Accordingly, labor is a person’s conscious impact on the world, that is, the setting of a purpose and the realization of a conscious purpose. In human consciousness, the most basic factor is the ability of people to foresee the results of their activities and on that basis to direct their actions.

Through the product of activities, people can “see” themselves (experience, capacity, knowledge, etc.) to self-assess, adjust, and control behavior. In activity and by activity the individual forms a sense of the world around him and of himself.

Consciousness is formed when people are active

The consciousness of the individual is formed in communication with others, with society

Language helps people communicate when working, playing, studying. Through communication, people form social relationships and behaviors. Through communication, people are conveyed and received information. On that basis, the individual perceives others, compares himself with others, and conforms to the standards of social morality in order to be privately aware, self-evaluate and control his or her behavior. In a word, thanks to communication, people are aware of others and themselves.

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Consciousness is formed in the process of communication

The individual’s consciousness is formed by the way of absorbing social culture and social consciousness

Knowledge is the nucleus of consciousness. Social culture, social consciousness is the accumulated knowledge of mankind. It is the foundation of individual consciousness. Through activities, educational paths, and social interactions, people acquire social values ​​and social standards to form their individual consciousness.

European girl wearing ao dai, taking pictures with lotus flowers

An individual’s consciousness is formed by the way of self-awareness, self-assessment, and self-analysis

In the process of operation, social communication, on the basis of comparing oneself with others, with social standards. Individuals form a sense of self from which individuals are capable of self-education and self-improvement according to the requirements of society.

Consciousness is formed by the way of self-awareness, self-assessment, and self-analysis of personal behavior

Attribute of Consciousness

Consciousness represents the highest cognitive capacity of people about the world view

This is the ability to perceive in general terms the nature of objective reality. People who want to have a full and profound consciousness need to have general thinking about the nature of the objective world. That is, to have consciousness, people must first understand the objective world.

Therefore, consciousness helps people:

Perceiving the essence, general perception in language Anticipating the plan, the result of the behavior, makes the behavior proactive.

For example: When participating in traffic, before people want people to have a sense of obeying traffic rules, they must first know about traffic laws (go on the right, go in the right lane, green light go straight, red light stop). again…).

From there, people’s consciousness is formed and helps them predict whether their behavior is right or wrong. In any case, in order for people to form a consciousness of something, they must first make them aware of it.

Consciousness expresses people’s attitude towards the world.

People reflect objective reality by expressing attitudes towards it. Colorful and colorful attitudes are expressions of people’s level of consciousness about objective consciousness.

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There are positive human expressions that contribute to the improvement of the objective world. On the contrary, some human expressions destroy the objective world.

For example: A person who is conscious of participating in traffic will have a happy attitude when wearing a helmet or stopping at a red light, while some people show angry attitude some others didn’t even wear helmets and ran red lights. Through their attitudes, we can gauge how conscious they are.

Consciousness when participating in traffic

Consciousness demonstrates the ability to regulate and control human behavior

A conscious person is one who knows how to adjust his or her behavior to suit each life situation.

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Example: Although very tired, A still tries to stay up all night to meet the deadline. Or even though he was riding a motorbike at 2 am and there was no one on the road, Mr. C still stopped when there was a red light.


Humans are not only aware of the world, but to a higher degree, they are capable of self-awareness, self-determining attitudes toward themselves, self-control, self-correction.

For example: Ms. T kills people without being detected, but Ms. T turns herself in. Here, Ms. T was self-aware of her wrongdoing and voluntarily surrendered to take responsibility before the law.

The structure of consciousness

Consciousness has a complex structure consisting of many facets as a whole that gives the spiritual world of man a new quality. Consciousness has three organically unified sides, controlling human conscious actions.

The cognitive side

This is the perception of consciousness, the understanding of knowledge. Includes 2 processes:

Sensory perception: Bringing materials for consciousness and feeling, giving us an image of each external attribute of things and phenomena; Perception gives us complete external images of things and phenomena. These images help us to see the real existence of the objective world and that is the initial content and also the elementary level of consciousness. Rational perception: gives us an overview of nature. of objective reality and the relationship between things and phenomena. This is the very basic content of knowledge. Knowledge is the basic particle of consciousness. Consciousness is therefore an understanding of the objective world.

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Attitude face

Talking about the subject’s attitude of choice, emotional attitude, and evaluation attitude towards the world.

For example: Attitude of choice: When going shopping, there are 2 sets of clothes that we all like, but because of limited money, we can only buy one set, at this time, a comparison attitude will appear in people’s minds. compare to choose the most suitable and best suit.

Choosing a bag is also a way for you to express your attitude in consciousness

For example: Emotional attitude (love, love, hate, hate..) When watching a movie, some people are moved to cry, some people are sad… now they have expressed emotional attitudes.

For example, evaluation attitude: a comment about someone, beautiful, ugly..

Active face

Consciousness regulates and controls human activities to make them conscious. It is the process by which people apply their knowledge and attitudes to adapt, improve the world, and transform themselves.

Whether a person is conscious or not will be judged by this aspect of consciousness.

For example: A and B’s houses are next to each other, although a person is highly educated and has a wide understanding of the subject, but because he wants to keep his house clean, A keeps throwing garbage over house B. Analyzing the above example, we can see A as an unconscious or unconscious person. Obviously, A is a person who has awareness and understanding that his actions are wrong, but A still does it, because in A’s conscious structure, there are only two sides that are cognitive and attitude. dynamic face to regulate their behavior.

Throwing trash is also an act of showing consciousness

Example 2: N is a good student.

Cognitively: N perceives his learning as important.

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Attitude side: N loves to study, always goes to school on time and completes homework by himself, not for teachers or parents to remind him.

Dynamic side: N makes a study plan by himself and follows the plan to achieve good results in his studies