– Choose a lesson -Lesson 39: Alkenes – Nomenclature, structure and isomers Lesson 40: Alkenes – Properties, preparation and applications Lesson 41: Alkadies Lesson 42: The concept of terpenes Lesson 43: Alkynes Lesson 44: Practicing unsaturated hydrocarbons Lesson 45: Practice the properties of unsaturated hydrocarbons

Solving Chemistry Exercises 11 – Lesson 42: The concept of terpenes (Advanced) helps students solve problems, provide them with a system of knowledge and form a habit of studying and working scientifically, as a foundation for the development of cognitive capacity, ability to act:

Lesson 1 (page 173 of Advanced Chemistry 11 textbook):

a) What are terpenes?

b) Terpenes are found in which natural sources?

The answer:

a) Terpenes is the name of a group of unsaturated hydrocarbons with the general formula (C5H8)_n

b) Terpenes are abundant in essential oils of herbs.

Viewing: What is a Tecpen

Lesson 2 (page 173 sgk Advanced Chemistry 11): The terpene molecule can have either an open-chain or a cyclic structure, but it seems to be due to isoprene (iso-C5H8) joining together in a “head-to-tail” fashion. That is, it is possible to divide the terpene molecule into chains with the same structure as the carbon skeleton and limonene (formula given in the lesson).

The answer:

Lesson 3 (page 173 advanced chemistry textbook): Can you predict whether oximen and limonene are in the gaseous, liquid, or solid state under normal conditions? How is their solubility? How to separate them from plants.

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The answer:

Oximen and limonene molecules both have 10 C atoms, so under normal conditions they are in a liquid state, slightly soluble in water, soluble in some organic solvents. To make them can use distillation method.

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Lesson 4 (page 173 of the Advanced Chemistry 11th textbook): Put T (true) or F (false) in the <> sign in each of the following sentences:

a) Terpenes are polymerization products with isoprene. <>

b) Essential oils of herbs are mixtures of terpenes and their oxygenated derivatives. <>

c) In herbal essential oils, there are many terpenes and their oxygen-containing derivatives. <>

d) In mint gum mixed with menthol. <>

e) In mint gum there are mentol and menton. <>

f) In the green mint flavored whipped cream, there is a mixture of crushed mint leaves. <>

g) Perfume is a solution of aromatic essential oils extracted from fruits and plants. <>

h) Perfume is a solution containing natural or synthetic aromatic substances and other auxiliary substances. <>

i) Wind oil made from herbal essential oils. <>

The answer:

a) WILL

b) WILL

c) RED

d) RED

e) RED

f) WILL

GS

h) RED

i) RED

Lesson 5 (page 174 advanced chemistry textbook): Write the chemical equations for the following reaction:

a) Oximen + H2 (excess) →

b) Oximen + Br2(excess) →

c) Citronone + Na →

d) Xitronelol + Br2 →

The answer:

a)

b)

c)

d)

Lesson 6 (page 174 of the Advanced Chemistry 11 textbook): Look closely at Figure 6.8 and explain clearly how the steam attraction distillation device works and the functions of its components.

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The answer:

Observe the figure:

– How the distillation equipment works:

The steam from the steam supply tank (jar 1) flows through the container containing the distillate materials (tank 2), pulling the materials to be distilled (essential oil, terpenes, …).

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The mixture of steam and raw materials to be distilled is condensed when passing through the condenser and then stored in a conical flask.

Because the distillate is slightly soluble in water, the condensate is separated into two layers, the upper layer is the distillate and the lower layer is water. To obtain the pure material that needs distillation, we use extraction method.

– The effect of the parts in the steam distillation device:

+ Steam tank: Supply steam and provide heat

+ Container for distillate materials: Contains distillate materials, when the steam comes through, it will absorb the distillate and follow it to the condenser tube.

+ Condenser tube: Lower the temperature for steam and distillate to condense.

+ Distilled product container: Contains the product mixture, the extracted material will be distilled.