Autism is a lifelong developmental disability caused by a nervous system disorder that affects the functioning of the brain. Autism is often manifested with impairments in social interaction, patients often have difficulties with verbal and non-verbal communication, and behaviors, interests, and activities of autistic people are often characteristic. narrow or repetitive.

Watching: What is Autism?

What is autism?

Autism is a lifelong developmental disability caused by a nervous system disorder that affects the functioning of the brain. Autism is often manifested with impairments in social interaction, patients often have difficulties with verbal and non-verbal communication, and behaviors, interests, and activities of autistic people are often characteristic. narrow or repetitive.

Data from the Department of Rehabilitation under the National Children’s Hospital shows that the number of children with autism is increasing day by day and this number is still increasing year by year. However, the recognition of disease symptoms in children for autism care and treatment has not received much attention, leading to the narrowing of children’s ability to integrate into the community in the future.

Autism spectrum disorders are generally divided into four main types of autism spectrum disorders:

– Autism disorder with high cognitive function or Asperger’s disorder: Children with Asperger’s disorder often retain language and intellectual abilities, but have symptoms of impaired social interaction. .

Disintegration disorder: Children with this disorder often develop normally in the early stages, but then develop signs and symptoms that indicate developmental delays.

Other unspecified pervasive developmental disorder: children with this disorder have only some autistic manifestations.

– Kamer Autism Disorder: Kamer’s autism spectrum disorder is the most severe form of the disease with symptoms of both social impairment, patterned behavior disorder, and speech and language disorders. These symptoms usually occur before the age of 3 years.

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Signs to identify a child with autism

Usually, most of the signs of autism are revealed within the first 3 years of life, if parents can recognize the disease early, it will help their children overcome some of the disease through the treatment of autism. century at prestigious medical centers.

The most specific symptoms include:

Your baby doesn’t say a word even at more than 16 months old, or doesn’t say a sentence of two or more words even if he’s over 24 months old.

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Children have some language skills at a certain age (between 14 and 16 months) but then suddenly lose them (usually after experiencing an event such as a fall, measles). or hospitalized…)

– Younger than 1 year old but still no attention-grabbing movements or babbling sounds.

Children are not interested in making friends or are not attracted to toys or games.

Children do not pay attention to anyone, but only look at objects with monotonous and repetitive movements.

The child does not respond, does not look back or react when his name is called.

Children appear repetitive body movements such as high-fives or swaying.

Children do not like being touched by others and when angry or disagreeing with something, they often scream or pull their hair, slam their hands and feet on the floor or bang their heads against the wall.

Babies are extremely sensitive to some sounds and smells. There is also a particular preference for stabilizing order and is often strongly opposed to changes in relation to the familiar.

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If a child has 3 or more signs in the above symptoms, parents should take their child to a doctor for early detection and identification for timely treatment of autism.