Kings, feudal regimes, after unifying the territory, or ruling the country, often have strategic undertakings and policies on politics, military, culture, economy and society in order to create prosperity. stabilize and develop the country in a secure and sustainable manner. “Senting troops to the farm” or “sending troops to the fields” is the policy of using a part of military forces after the war or when there is no war to participate in agricultural production. as a normal activity. These forces both reclaimed and established hamlets, engaged in agricultural production, practiced military regularly, and had time to rest and recuperate in case of war.

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Historically, the army has always been the main force protecting the country, so countries always need a powerful and elite armed force. But, the demand for human resources for production is also huge! To solve that problem, ancient strategists established the spell “Staying in the countryside” as a harmonious combination of military and economy, which can quickly turn the situation from peace time to time of peace. fight when necessary. Thanks to this policy, the feudal states of the Ly – Tran – Le dynasties always had a large and powerful military force, but agricultural production remained stable. During the Ly Dynasty, the number of troops mobilized against the Song Dynasty was about 100,000, during the Tran Dynasty during the resistance war against the Nguyen-Mong, there were more than 200,000. In the early Le Dynasty, when there was a war, it was possible to mobilize from 25,000 to 30,000 troops. In the past, the policy of staying in captivity and farming had very positive effects, proving that policymakers at that time had a profound view with lively and correct thinking in the process of construction, development and protect the country.

Our country from 1945 onwards was a traditional agricultural country ruled by feudal monarchies. Going back in history, in the 10th century, the spell “Above the army” was first applied in Vietnam by the Dinh Dynasty (968-980). Men who are 18 years old or older must join the army. In addition to the military force permanently stationed in the capital, called the guard and guard, the military forces in the local areas were called the route army or the dew force. The court divided the number of soldiers in the army into several sessions, keeping only a few standing sessions, leaving the rest to return to their hometown for agricultural production; and so on, alternately. In the Ly dynasty, the court only provided salaries for the guards, while the dew soldiers were self-sufficient in food. In the Later Le period, the policy of living in the army was also applied to the forbidden army in the citadel. Since the Mac dynasty, the government has applied the “loyalty field” system, providing direct fields for soldiers in the locality to reside in order to give preferential treatment to the army. By the time of the Nguyen-Tay Son war, near the end of the 18th century (1790), the permission to stay in the peasantry was enforced by Nguyen Anh in many places in Gia Dinh citadel, when the troops were not fighting the enemy, they were mobilized for production. agriculture to create a source of food for war and contingency.

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Soldiers help people harvest rice. Photo: baoquangngai.com.vn

Lord Nguyen Anh said that “living in the countryside” is a good blessing. He ordered the Tac Guards and the guards, the Trung Army Boats, to break the field in Thao Cau (Vam Co) and named it Camp Dien Dien. Again, he ordered the officials and the people, whoever can recruit 10 people or more, they will be appointed as Camp Warden. This is also a reserve force in case of war. It is no coincidence that Nguyen Anh, even when being pursued, always leaves people in the lands he has passed to cultivate, cultivate, reclaim wasteland, produce food, and wait for the right opportunity. Plantations such as Tan Loc Isle in Can Tho, Hoi Oa base, Nuoc Vong in Dong Thap, Phu Quoc Island are one of the forms of the “Agriculture” spell. Nguyen Anh, when he ran to Siam, once asked for land in the suburbs of Vong-Cac to work in fields to feed good soldiers and soldiers.

According to historian Phan Huy Chu in the book History of the Dynasty, Chapter II (Volume II), “In the year 1128 of Ly Than Tong’s reign, the king “ordered six troops to take turns working in the fields according to the old regime” – in addition to the army. The guard “had nine troops like the dew army: to command to do everything, once a month to come to watch, after the end of the watch, he could go home to cultivate or do technology, self-financed but not paid. When there is war, call out depends on the generals. If this number of troops is not enough, the people will be drafted into the army. After finishing the work, I went back to work in the fields”.

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The number of dew troops and troops of all religions (foreign soldiers) had the task of taking turns plowing the fields to be self-sufficient in food. With the policy of “Staying in the countryside”, not only did farmers not have to extract a large amount of products to feed the army, but agriculture did not lose an important source of labor (crucified). It must be recognized that this is also an important decision of the state of the Ly – Tran dynasties in order to maintain and strengthen the economic potential on the basis of wet-rice agriculture.

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During the Tran dynasty, the state had a system of granting fiefdoms to the princes and nobles. At the estates, fiefdoms, the royal family’s soldiers were on duty for production and served in peacetime according to the policy of “Staying in the army”. The manor house is a model that cleverly combines economy with national defense. Before conferring the rank of fief, the Tran state consciously assigned the royal marquis the task of both producing and guarding important and vital areas of the country. Through the map of the distribution of fiefdoms, it is not by chance that one of the important strategic areas of Dai Viet emerged at that time: the northern border area (Chi Linh, Dong Trieu – Quang Ninh); Northeast gateway region (Hai Phong, Thai Binh); southern hedge zone (Thanh Hoa).

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Today, some parts of our country’s military force have strongly participated in the construction and economic development of the country, including agricultural production. There are quite a few agricultural and forestry farms in border areas, remote areas, and islands that are exploited, produced and managed by the army. These units, in addition to being regularly trained and ready to fight to defend the country, also help people build new rural areas, specifically border guard units in remote, border and maritime areas. island. Many soldiers and soldiers have become “teachers” to teach letters, “engineers” of agriculture, “doctors” to treat people in rural areas that are still very difficult. Soldiers who have completed their definite-term service in the standing armed forces may be discharged from the army and return to their homeland to do business, study and production. They were transferred to the reserve army and ready to join the army when needed. That process shows the vivid application of the magic “Staying in the countryside” but there have been many improvements, because today our country is no longer a purely agricultural country as before, but now, in the process of going up to industrialization and modernization with the goal that by 2020, Vietnam will basically become an industrial country. When soldiers return to normal life, they do many different occupations, not necessarily farming, or are allocated land for agricultural production. The content of “staying in the army” is still there, but the form of “underground” has changed. This is also an inevitable adaptation, in accordance with the objective development laws of the times and history. Currently, in the world, most countries apply the “conscription” policy and regime. All young men (in some places including women like Israel) who reach the specified age must perform military service for a limited time. Only very special cases are exempted from “conscription.” After completing their service, they are discharged back to the locality, social life, and normal activities like any other citizen. And. The State always has in hand a large reserve force, which has undergone training, is ready to serve and fight to defend the Fatherland.