HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It helps users create and structure elements in a web page or application, dividing paragraphs, headings, links, blockquotes, and more.

Viewing: What is Html

HTML is not a programming language, which means it cannot create “dynamic” functions. It’s just like Microsoft Word, used to layout and format web pages.

When working with HTML, we will use a simple code structure (tags and attributes) to mark up the web page. For example, we can create a paragraph by placing text in a pair of tags that open and close the text and

This is how you add paragraphs in HTML.

You can add multiple paragraphs!

In general, HTML is a markup language, it is very direct to understand, easy to learn, and everyone new to it can start learning it to build websites. Here’s what you’ll learn in this article:

History of HTML

HTML was created by Tim Berners-Lee, a physicist at the CERN research center in Switzerland. He came up with the idea for an Internet-based hypertext system.

Hypertext means text containing links, which are immediately accessible to viewers. He published the first version of HTML in 1991 that included 18 HTML tags. Since then, each new version of HTML has added new tags and new attributes.

According to the Mozilla Developer Network: HTML Element Reference, there are currently over 140 HTML tags, although a few of them have been discontinued (not supported by modern browsers).

Rapidly gaining popularity at a dizzying rate, HTML is considered the security standard of a website. HTML settings and structures are operated and developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). You can check the latest status of the language at any time on W3C’s website.

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The most recent upgrade was in 2014, when the HTML5 standard was introduced. It adds some tags to the markup, to specify what type the content is, like , , and .

How does

HTML work

?HTML documents are files ending in .

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html or .htm. You can view them using any web browser (like Google Chrome, Safari, or Mozilla Firefox). The browser reads these HTML files and publishes the content to intesao so that it can be viewed by the reader.

Usually, on average a website contains many HTML web pages, for example: home page, about page, contact page, all need separate HTML pages.

Each HTML page contains a set of tags (also called elements), which you can think of as the building blocks of a web page. It forms a directory tree structure that includes sections, paragraphs, headings, and other content blocks.

Most HTML elements have an opening tag and a closing tag with a structure like .

Below you can see an example code of how an HTML page is structured:

The Main Heading

A catchy subheading

Paragraph one

Paragraph two with a hyperlink

), used to mark up large pieces of content. It includes a title tag (), a subheading tag (

), 2 texts (

), and an image step ( ).The image tag also has two attributes: src for the image, and alt for the description of the image.

Overview of the most common HTML tags

HTML tags come in two main types: block-level and inline tags.

Block-level Elements will use the entire site space and always start a new line of the site. Headings and paragraphs are the main examples of block tags.Inline elements take up only a small amount of web space and do not start a new line of a web page. They are often used to format the internal content of block level elements. Links and emphasis tags are common inlines tags.

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Block-Level Tags

The 3 block level tags of every HTML page should have tags like , , and .

Tag is the topmost element used to encapsulate each HTML page.Tag contains meta information such as page title and charset.Finally,