CTYPE HTML PUBLIC “-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN”>National identity of Vietnamese culture with industrialization and modernization
Watching: What is the national cultural identity?
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That is the creative potential of each person as well as of the whole Vietnamese nation. That creative potential is built on the foundation of a culture that is both advanced and imbued with national identity. The 10th National Congress of the Party clearly stated: “Continue to develop deeply and improve the quality of Vietnam’s advanced culture, imbued with national identity, closely and synchronously with the Vietnamese people. economy – society, making culture permeate all areas of social life. Building and perfecting the values and personality of Vietnamese people, protecting and promoting the national cultural identity in the period of industrialization and modernization, and international economic integration”. Therefore, studying the national identity. of Vietnamese culture associated with the cause of industrialization and modernization of the country has both long-term significance and urgent topicality in both theory and practice.1. The concept of national identity of culture and national identity of Vietnamese culture There are many related terms being used such as “national identity”, “cultural identity” or a combination of “national identity”. ethnicity of culture”, “national cultural identity”. So how can we understand the above terms? According to the etymological interpretation of the word “identity” it means the following: with the word “original” or original meaning the root, the core belongs to one’s own part such as the original (origin), basic (origin) … ” Shade” means color, appearance, appearance, and nuance. Thus, “identity” is a special inherent characteristic, a separate thing to distinguish from others. “National identity” is the special features that make up the bravery, nuances and unique imprints of each nation. Those are the features to distinguish the difference between one nation and another. National identity is not only a culture but a set of characteristics for a country. However, when talking about the identity of a nation, it is mainly talking about the cultural identity of a nation, or the cultural identity of the nation is referring to the characteristic nuances of the nation. Thus, cultural identity is the nuance, the root of a culture, its own characteristics that cannot be mixed in the cultural roots of each nation. It is deposited, crystallized, determined from historical, geographical, cognitive and practical levels, psychology… of each nation, forming traditions and the basis of existence for spiritual life. As analyzed above, it can be understood that the national identity of a culture is the core, nuances, imprints and soul of a culture. In this sense, the national identity of culture is closely related to the existence of the nation. The national identity of the culture remains, the nation remains, the loss of the national identity of the culture is the loss of the nation. The national identity of culture is mainly expressed in the human soul and cultural heritages (tangible and intangible), expressed in all aspects of life, activities and social relationships. It can be seen that the national identity of culture has the following characteristics: Firstly, it is a cultural value system that has been formed and developed throughout the history of each nation, bringing with it the following characteristics: rich in wisdom, cultural styles form their own nuances, imprints and bravery, the core, essence, soul and tradition of a nation, reflected in the material and spiritual activities of the people. each member of the ethnic community; Secondly, it always promotes positivity in contemporary social life, and shows not only past values but also real, forward-looking values. Our Party affirms: With creative labor and the will to fight persistently and resiliently, our people have built a culture that crystallizes strength and imprints with the national identity, proving the strong vitality and resilience of the nation. survival of the Vietnamese nation”. And “The national identity of Vietnamese culture includes sustainable values, the quintessence cultivated through the history of thousands of years of struggle to build and defend the country, forming the unique features of the community of Vietnamese people, Vietnamese people. That is passionate patriotism, sense of national self-reliance; solidarity; community cohesion of individual – family – village – country; compassion, tolerance, respect for love and morality; industrious and creative virtues in labor; tact in behavior, simplicity in life…. The national identity is still bold in the unique national expression forms.” Each ethnic group has its own natural, historical and social conditions, creating a culture with its own identity. . It can be seen that the values of the national identity of Vietnamese culture are made up of the following basic things: Firstly, the nation of Vietnam was formed very early, associated with agricultural civilization. wet rice, with the form of community organization of villages and communes, has created a settled ethnic group, attached to the homeland and the Fatherland. Vietnamese residents soon formed a national consciousness ethnicity and their feelings for the country. Second, in general, Vietnamese society has never had a perfect production method, but a complex and complex production method. history is difficult to diverge. Therefore, it influences the formation of customs, culture, ideology and imprints on the national cultural identity. Third, our nation since the formation of the nation – the nation has always upheld the spirit of the nation. god of fighting against foreign invaders. Over time, it has been forged, crystallized and created in the life of the Vietnamese people a distinct identity imprinted with the spiritual values of the nation created to protect the survival of the people. ethnicity, protect the independence and autonomy of the nation. Fourth, the geopolitical – economic position is very favorable for socio-economic exchanges and especially cultural exchanges. The Vietnamese people have been able to expand, absorb, and refine the cultural quintessence of humanity since the very beginning. After all, the main factor determining the content and national identity of Vietnamese culture is the historical survival of the Vietnamese nation.2. The role of Vietnamese national and cultural identity in the cause of industrialization and modernization of the country The history of industrialization development in the world has been more than 200 years so far, with many different models. Associating with industrialization models, depending on the research perspective, there are many different conceptions of it. For developed countries, industrialization is considered as the process of continuing to apply new scientific and technological achievements to various fields of society, promoting a more developed society. For developing countries, understanding industrialization is the process of using scientific and technological achievements to change all aspects of the country, getting rid of poverty and backwardness. And for the socialist countries in the 70s and 80s of the twentieth century, industrialization is considered to be the development of heavy industry. The Seventh Conference of the Central Committee of the Party, term VII, has determined: “Industrialization is a transitional process. to radically and comprehensively change socio-economic activities from using manual labor as the main one to universally using labor power with advanced and modern technologies, means and methods, capable of create high social labor productivity”. The term industrialization is always associated with modernization, becoming a unified and comprehensive process. The concept of modernization is being used in different ways. From a technical perspective, the phrase “modernization” is understood as the modernization of production technology, labor tools, etc., which has a meaning of progress and development, or in other words, change and perfection. of the mode of production. When considered from a social perspective, modernization is a form of development of an agricultural society to an industrial society, from traditional to modern. In the most general way, modernization is the process of using advanced scientific and technical achievements of mankind to apply in all fields of social life, making society develop modern. Civilization and the highest goal is to modernize human life. Thus, industrialization and modernization are two successive and intertwined processes, “Industrialization and modernization in today’s era is the process of transforming a society. traditional society into a modern society with a higher level of civilization, reflected not only in the level of modern and advanced science and technology, a highly developed economy, and a scientifically organized society. and rationality, but also in the political, cultural and spiritual life of society, in human development, and in preserving and promoting national identity”. clearly: “Industrialization and modernization must be carried out according to the model of an open economy, both domestically and internationally” in order to “promote the cause of national industrialization and modernization”. substance is applied with the characteristics the following highlights: 1) it is the transformation of the economic mechanism that creates a change in the mode of industrialization with the combination of the total domestic and foreign resources; 2) industrialization is associated with modernization; combine traditional technology with modern technology, take advantage of quickly modernizing decisive stages; 3) Industrialization and modernization are carried out in the context of developing a socialist-oriented market economy, taking socio-economic efficiency as the basic standard; 4) Industrialization and modernization are the cause of the entire people, of all economic sectors, in which the state economy plays a leading role; 5) science and technology are identified as the foundation and driving force of industrialization and modernization; 6) Industrialization and modernization are associated with building an independent and self-reliant economy with proactive international economic integration. Implement an open door policy, facing the world market, creating competitive position and international cooperation on a global scale. In terms of the political – economic – social nature, industrialization and modernization in our country is different. Compared with industrialization and modernization, it used to take place in developed capitalist countries or newly industrialized countries. Because, the work of industrialization and modernization in our country is to build socialism, “industrialization and modernization following socialist orientation”. Therefore, the immediate goals as well as the long-term goals to be achieved in the process of industrialization and modernization are for “material benefits”. quality and spirit of the people, linking economic growth with social progress and justice.” Professor Hoang Chi Bao said: “Industrialization and modernization is essentially a great cultural movement taking place in all areas. areas of production and throughout our lives today”. Using the power of national identity, promoting the national identity of Vietnamese culture as the driving force for the cause of industrialization and modernization. Thus, the national identity of the culture will have to face the requirements of the times, adapting and promoting traditional cultural values to create an endogenous strength to promote industrialization and modernization. At the same time, the success of that process will contribute to preserving and enhancing the national identity values of Vietnamese culture. Lessons learned from the International Decade of Cultural Development and the experiences of advanced countries In the past, the implementation of industrialization and modernization showed that countries that want to progress to a development in its own right must know based on the cultural background – the national identity of the culture. From the above perception, our Party and State in the process of industrialization and modernization have determined: “Promoting patriotism and the tradition of great national unity, a sense of independence, self-reliance, self-reliance… serving effectively… the cause of industrialization and modernization for the sake of a rich people, a strong country, a just and civilized society, and a steady step forward to socialism”. Thus, along with determining the country’s development path, the process of industrialization and modernization, we must definitely identify a solid spiritual foundation for development. That solid foundation is a culture imbued with Vietnamese national identity. “The culture that our Party leads the whole people to build is an advanced culture imbued with national identity. The sustainable traditional cultural values of the Vietnamese people are passionate patriotism, deep community will, the ethic of “loving people as if you love yourself”, diligence, overcoming difficulties, creativity in labor. It is the foundation and great spiritual strength to build a developed, progressive, fair, and compassionate society”. On the other hand, to have success in the industrialization and modernization process, it is impossible not to fail. effectively exploit natural resources, make full use of physical, scientific and technical foundations and make full use of foreign capital, technology and management experience. But for sustainable development, it is essential to make the most of the most important long-term resource – Vietnamese human resources. The Fifth Conference of the Central Committee of the Party, term VIII, emphasized: “The most valuable and decisive resource is the human resource of Vietnam; is the endogenous strength of the Vietnamese nation itself. The national identity of Vietnamese culture will be the spiritual strength to overcome all challenges in the process of industrialization and modernization. It is that spiritual strength that will regulate all aspects of society and towards the sustainable development of the country.