Fabric is a commonly used material in human life, is a product created by combining fibers by weaving or knitting or attaching many fibers to create a fabric with a large surface to meet the needs of the customer. many different uses, with certain thickness and strength.

Watching: What is Woven

In general, the three basic processes that produce fabrics are classified as follows:

Woven:

Weaving is the process of creating a combination of two yarn systems: warp and weft at right angles to each other. In which, depending on different weaving styles, the weft yarn will be interwoven with the warp yarn with different specifications to create different weaves. The yarn that is run through the fabric (lengthwise) is called the warp yarn, and the yarn that runs horizontally (widthwise) of the fabric is called the weft or filling yarn.

General characteristics of woven fabrics:

The fabric has a relatively good structure.

– Cloth surface is tight.

– Little vertical and horizontal stretch.

– Easily smudged, especially with some fabrics such as cotton, linen…

– Fabric does not curl, does not slip.

– Diverse and rich in weaving styles and materials.

Knitted:

Is the process of forming fabric by linking a system of loops (loops) together. The loops (eyes) are bonded together by a knitting needle that holds the old loop while a new loop is formed in front of the old loop. The old loop of yarn is then inserted through the new loop to form the fabric.

Knitting fabric consists of horizontal rows called courses (courses) and vertical columns called loops (Wales).

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General characteristics of knitted fabrics:

– Surface is airy, soft, porous.

– Great elasticity and elasticity. When subjected to force, the stretch of fabric is much greater than that of woven fabric.

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– Keeps heat well without hindering the metabolism between the human body and the surrounding environment.

– Less stain, easy to maintain and wash.

– Good hygiene in garment.

– Create a comfortable wearing feeling.

– Cons: curls and easily slips off the ring.

Knitting fabric consists of horizontal rows called courses (courses) and vertical columns called loops (Wales).

Non-Woven Fabric (Non-Woven)

In this process, the fabric is called a nonwoven fabric, which is created by binding the fibers together not by weaving or knitting but by holding them together by a chemical binder or possibly by melts one of the fibrous components in the fabric itself.

Non-woven fabrics are usually technical fabrics, so they can have a very short service life, or be very durable; Can carry special functions for many different applications such as : Very good absorbency , can also be hydrophobic ( water repellency ) or waterproof ( water proof ) ; Very high flame retardancy; Softness; Stretch; High Strength (Strength); Insulation (Insulation); Anti-bacteria (Anti-bacteria)….

The application range of non-woven fabrics is very wide, covering many areas in human life.

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These are just basic concepts, providing an overview of the main and traditional methods of fabric creation. Nowadays, a lot of modern technology weaves fabrics that make the traditional names no longer really relevant. For example, we still use the traditional name of woven fabric, but in fact knitting the weft into the “woven” fabric is no longer the role of the “shuttle”, as on the sword loom, air weave, water-weaving… Or some fabrics are a combination of woven and non-woven methods… We will discuss each method separately in the following articles.

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Please read the next article: woven fabric (P.1), woven fabric (P.2)

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