According to WHO, chronic disease is a progressive or recurrent disease with a long duration of illness. Chronic diseases cannot be prevented by vaccines, cannot be completely cured, and do not go away on their own. Chronic diseases that are largely not caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi are called chronic non-communicable diseases. The world trend is more and more chronic non-communicable diseases. Statistics from the Ministry of Health of Vietnam also show that the morbidity and mortality rates due to infectious and non-communicable diseases in 1976 were 56%, 53%, 43%, 45%, respectively, by 2003 these rates were 27. %, 17%, 61%, 59%.

Chronic diseases are non-communicable diseases that are becoming an increasing concern for families and society. Because the cause of the disease is not clear, the treatment faces many obstacles. In addition, the consequences of chronic diseases also greatly affect the quality of life.

Watching: What is Chronic

US scientists have discovered that the main cause of chronic diseases is the way of eating and not choosing the right foods that have disease-preventing and resistance factors for humans.

According to WHO, chronic disease is a progressive or recurrent disease with a long duration of illness. Chronic diseases cannot be prevented by vaccines, cannot be completely cured, and do not go away on their own. Chronic diseases that are largely not caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi are called chronic non-communicable diseases. The world trend is more and more chronic non-communicable diseases. Statistics from the Ministry of Health of Vietnam also show that the morbidity and mortality rates due to infectious and non-communicable diseases in 1976 were 56%, 53%, 43%, 45%, respectively, by 2003 these rates were 27. %, 17%, 61%, 59%.

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The disease tends to increase with age. In the United States alone, it is estimated that by 2049, the number of functional disabilities due to osteoarthritis, stroke, diabetes, coronary heart disease, cancer and heart failure will increase by at least 300 percent. The term “chronic” may or may not be included in the pathology name.

The four main types of non-communicable diseases are cardiovascular disease (such as myocardial infarction and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory disease (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma), and diabetes.

Details of diseases in the four categories above and some other chronic diseases:

Chronic respiratory diseases: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis, asthma and emphysema…

Endocrine diseases: obesity, diabetes…

Neuropsychiatric diseases: dementia, depression…

Cardiovascular disease: hypertension, heart failure, ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease…

Autoimmune diseases such as ulcerative colitis, lupus erythematosus, etc.

Chronic bone and joint diseases: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis (degeneration), osteoporosis…

Chronic fatigue syndrome.

· Chronic kidney failure.

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· Cancer.

· Chronic hepatitis.

What is the burden of chronic disease? Chronic disease is now a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Major chronic non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and respiratory diseases account for 57% of 59 million deaths annually and 46% of the global burden of disease. Each year, myocardial infarction Heart disease kills 7.2 million people, stroke (cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage) causes 5.5 million deaths, and hypertension and other heart diseases cause 3.9 million deaths. One billion people are overweight and at least 300 million are obese. An estimated 177 million people have diabetes, the majority of whom are type 2, and two-thirds of people with diabetes live in developing countries. .About 75% of cardiovascular disease is caused by the following main factors: dyslipidemia, high blood pressure, low intake of vegetables and fruits, physical inactivity, and smoking. Five out of 10 burdened risk factors According to the World Health Organization report in 2002: obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, alcohol consumption and smoking are the causes of chronic disease. US statistics show that people 65 years old and up up, 75% have at least one chronic disease and 50% have at least 2 chronic diseases.

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Why chronic disease? Due to the long-term impact of factors (Toxins, overload of functions, age, living habits, psychophysiology …) to the body, causing deterioration and degeneration , disorders of the body’s vital functions. What is the principle of chronic disease? Helps the body restore vital functions to return to a normal state of activity in accordance with physiology, age and environment. How to live.Principles of chronic disease treatment?– A prominent feature in chronic disease treatment is the application of long-term disease control regimens to restore function, improve quality of life and minimize multiple physical and functional complications.– Should start with exercise, rehabilitation, lifestyle changes using functional foods or drugs of natural origin. These are safe measures, do not cause side effects and are physiologically appropriate.– Only use Western medicine when absolutely necessary and must be prescribed by a doctor.– Improve knowledge for patients to self-monitor, care and disease control.– Close cooperation between doctors and patients in the application of treatment regimens: disease monitoring, lifestyle, exercise, drug adjustment.

How to prevent chronic diseases?

Drink brown rice membrane to increase the ability to prevent and cure disease According to our father’s adage, “prevention is better than cure”, this is the smartest and least expensive solution. Measures to prevent chronic diseases include: · Eat lots of vegetables and fruits as well as beans and whole grains (eat the pulp, rice membrane), limit white rice. · Get ​​30 minutes of moderate physical activity every day, at least 5 times per day week. · Switch from eating saturated animal fats to unsaturated vegetable oils. · Cut down on fat, salt and sugar. · Maintain a healthy weight (body mass index between 18.5 and 24.9. . cancer can be avoided through a healthy diet, increased physical activity, and quitting smoking. · Screening for certain cancers such as colon, prostate, and breast cancers by their respective ages; for example, men age 50 and older should have a colonoscopy to detect colon cancer and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) biomarker test every 3 years to detect cancer. prostate cancer, while women 50 years of age and older should have a breast self-exam once a month and a mammogram every 1-2 years for those at high risk.

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When having dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, gout… the treatment helps to stabilize the disease, limit complications, help the patient to live normally, especially to reduce costs; for example, if high blood pressure is not well controlled, the patient may have a heart attack; When complications occur, the patient not only has to be treated for high blood pressure, but also has to pay for the treatment of a heart attack, which is twice as expensive, and after the crisis is over, the cost of treatment includes the increased cost of treatment. blood pressure, high blood pressure and the cost of treating sequelae of myocardial infarction.