Referring to Mexico, you will definitely think of the unique music scene, such as Flamenco. Besides, Mexico is also a country with an extremely diverse and rich culture. More specifically, Mexico is also one of the Americas with the largest number of Hispanic speakers in the world. Maybe this is one of the reasons why Mexican culture is influenced by traditional indigenous cultures and Hispanic culture.

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In addition to music, Tequila is also very famous in Mexico. A type of wine that has attached the culture here from myths to historical stories.

So why do some people say: “Spain is considered the birthplace of Tequila”. Is this right?

If you are curious, read this article to the end to find out the answer.

Summary information

Historical Origins of Tequila

What is Tequila Made of?Tequila Making Process

Historical Origins of Tequila

In the local language (Nahuatl) of the Mexican people, the word tequila means “volcanic rock”.

The story of Tequila is associated with myths. And there are true stories recorded in history in Mexico.

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The Legend of Tequila

The origin of tequila dates back to around 250-300 AD. When the Aztecs first fermented the juice of the Agave plant to produce their ritual wine. Legend has it that the Aztecs drank tequila in sacrificial rituals. They would give the sacrifices wine made from the Agave tree before they were sacrificed to their gods.

True History of Tequila

In 1530, Spain began to conquer Mexico and quickly annihilated any fierce resistance from the Aztec Empire. When the battle ended, it was also the time when the stores of spirits and food brought were exhausted. Brandy was a very important drink for Spanish soldiers. Alcohol is used both to relieve pain and to be a source of spiritual encouragement for the warriors when they win the battle. That’s why the Spaniards had to make wine quickly.

Spain conquers Mexico

At that time, the “blue agave” tree was the most vigorous plant in the area they occupied. They fermented the “blue agave” plant to make an alcoholic drink. By fermenting “blue agave” water, Tequila was officially born.

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It is a pity that when the fall of the Aztec Empire occurred, the Spaniards destroyed much of the ancient Mexican civilization. The history of tequila remains only a mystical myth passed down from generation to generation.

The historical origins of Tequila are officially documented. Although many people completely believe that the ancient civilization of the Mexicans was the first birthplace of Tequila.

First Tequila Factory

Around 1600, the first tequila factory was built in the territory of Jalisco, Mexico. The factory was run by the Marquis Don Pedro Sanchez de Tagle (1661-1723). He is the man who developed and distilled Tequila.

What is tequila made of?

What is Tequila

?Tequila is an alcoholic distilled beverage made from the “blue agave” plant. Also known as “Agave Tree” in Vietnamese.

Agave mainly grows in the area around the city of Tequila, 65km northwest of Guadalajara. In addition, it grows in the Jaliscan highlands (Los Altos de Jalisco) of central-western Mexico.

Tequila is made from a special plant

?There are 166 different types of agave in the world, and Mexico is the country that contains up to 125 types of agave. An unbelievable number, isn’t it?

Tequila is made from blue agave

And a special thing about Tequila you should know is: Tequila does not use any agave, but only uses the “blue agave” plant.

Characteristics and shape of agave

Blue Agave (agave) is 1.2m to 1.8m tall with a shape resembling a spherical ball, covered with serrated green leaves. These thorny leaves protrude about 0.9m to 1.2m. The diameter of agave is about 2.1m to 3.6m.

The appearance of Agave when it was young

Blue Agave usually reaches maturity after 5 to 8 years. When the pinas inside ripen, swell. There are trees that take 12 to 15 years to mature. The maturity of agave depends on the topography. In lowland areas, blue agave ripens faster than in mountainous areas.

To make tequila, winemakers need a rich knowledge of how to grow and care for plants. Based on the secret handed down for centuries, agave is grown, cared for and harvested entirely by hand. Plants are pruned regularly to prevent flowering and premature death.

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The process of harvesting agave also requires experienced harvesters. Let’s continue to learn about this harvesting process.

The process of harvesting “Agave”

The harvesters are called Jimadors. They use a long knife called “Coa” to Cut off the long leaves of the agave plant. After the long green thorny leaves are removed, the pinas will be revealed. The pinas look like a giant pineapple.

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A fact that you can hardly believe is: Jimadors are a highly technical profession, this profession is often passed down from father to son. Without experience and skill, they cannot harvest more than 100 pinas a day.

The process of harvesting blue agave

Depending on the size of the pinas, they tend to be cut in half or in part. To facilitate easy insertion into a modern “horno” oven or autoclave.

If you’ve read this far, you’re probably curious how the process of making Tequila will happen. Read on to find out what’s interesting.

Tequila making process

Pieces of pinas are stacked by hand onto the conveyor belt. They are then steamed to convert the starchy sap found in the pinas into sugar.

Tequila fermentation

During cooking, steam softens the texture of the pinas and hydrolyzes the inulin to fructose. The sugar can then ferment into alcohol.

Fermentation can take place in wooden or stainless steel tanks. This process takes from 24 to 96 hours depending on the manufacturer’s procedure.

Large distilleries often have cooling systems on the fermenters to keep the temperature below 40 degrees Celsius. Because higher temperatures will cause the fermentation to stop.

How Patron Tequila Is Made

Patrón’s heavy price tag is a combination of it being 100% agave tequila, and made from a traditional, handcrafted, small batch system.

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The process of making tequila is also very complicated, most must be distilled at least twice. The product that undergoes first distillation is called ordinario. And only after the second distillation can the wine be called Tequila.

Tequila is distilled at least twice

A first distillation called Destrozamiento produces a concentration of about 20-25%. And second distillation typically produces concentrations between 55% and 75%. Distilleries always try to maintain the concentration at 55% to preserve the best flavor and taste of agave. It is for this reason that it is very rare for a producer to make a third distillation.

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Before bottling, tequila can be filtered through charcoal or cellumose at ambient temperature or cold filtered.

Tequila Patron

Tequila is a drink made from a recipe passed down from generation to generation. And at each stage of Tequila development, new varieties are added to suit the preferences of drinkers. Don’t worry too much, read the following classification carefully to know how to distinguish Tequila.

Distinguish different types of Tequila

Silver / Blanco / Joven: White wine, usually not aged, after the second distillation process, it can be bottled and sold on the market. The wine still retains the full flavor and taste of agave. The wine has a warm feeling when going down the palate and does not have a sweet floral aroma. This is the easiest to drink for those who like natural flavors and aromas.

Types of Tequila

Gold: The word “Gold” on the bottle’s label basically shows it’s a blend. Usually a tequila blend with color added to make it appear darker. If you want to buy “Gold” look for a brand that says “100% agave” on the bottle label.

Reposado: This variety is aged in wooden barrels for about 2 months to less than 1 year.

Anejo: Aged from 1 to 3 years. This is the oldest complex tequila. With moderate heat when the wine is on the palate along with the aroma of agave.

Extra Anejo: This is a Tequila developed for lovers of woody notes. Wine aged over 3 years. If you are a person who likes wine with aromas and aromas of wood, then you can try this.

Above is a classification of the most popular lines of Tequila. You’re sure to find a tequila to suit your taste.

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