In hematology tests, there are many parameters to evaluate blood quality. One of them is the red blood cell test parameters. MCV blood test index is an important parameter of red blood cells to assess the health of the body. So what is the MCV index? In the blood test, there is an increase or decrease in this index, what to do? Let’s find out in the article below.
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1. What is the MCV blood test reading
?MCV stands for Mean Corpuscular Volume, which means the average volume of red blood cells. The MCV blood test number reflects the average volume of red blood cells, the most abundant type of cell in the blood, that contain the hemoglobin that gives blood its red color.
Red blood cells have a very important role to help transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and receive CO2 from the tissues to be eliminated in the lungs. From there, it can be seen that red blood cells play an extremely important role in the functioning of the human body.
In a normal healthy person, the MCV will be in the range of 80-100 femtoliters (1 femtoliter = 1/1 million liters).
MCV values are classified as follows:
Microcytic anemia: MCV Macrocytic anemia: MCV > 100 fl
2. What does a high or low MCV indicate?
An MCV that is too high does not mean that you have some disease, but if it exceeds 110fl, it means that your red blood cells are enlarged (macrocytic), which indicates that you are anemic. , which can be caused by a deficiency of vitamin B12 or folic acid. Vitamin B12 deficiency can occur when you are vegetarian excessively.
If your MCV is below 80, it means your red blood cells are shrinking or shrinking (microcytic). This condition indicates that your body may be iron deficient, or have thalassemia and other hemoglobinopathies, or possibly anemia in chronic diseases, sideroblastic anemia. , even chronic kidney failure or lead poisoning. Pregnant women, MCV index is also lower than normal people, so it is necessary to supplement the reasonable amount of iron in the body.
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3. To increase red blood cells, what to eat to prevent anemia The most common cause of this condition is iron deficiency anemia.
And iron can be supplemented through some iron-rich foods or supplements. In particular, for iron to be absorbed into the body in the best way; need to eat more foods rich in vitamin C such as oranges, lemons, etc. In which women need to supplement at least 75mg of vitamin C per day; For men, it is 90mg/day.
Iron-rich foods you need to supplement can include red meat, animal organs (kidneys; liver), legumes, or some dark green vegetables such as spinach, kale. Besides, there are also egg whites, prunes, raisins, …
Some foods rich in folic acid such as bread, cereals; broccoli, spinach, dried beans or peas and nuts.
You can supplement vitamin B12 through foods such as liver, fish, red meat; eggs, milk, dairy products, nutritious cereals, etc.
4. Notes when doing MCV blood test
A blood test or complete blood count is one of the most important tests. Blood test indicators will help doctors have a basis to make accurate diagnoses about the patient’s health condition, thereby orienting the appropriate treatment for the patient.
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That’s why it’s important to have regular health check-ups to help assess your current health situation. If you hold the blood test results in your hand, and you find that 1 or a few values are outside the normal range, you should contact your doctor or go to a reputable medical facility for an examination. , accurate diagnosis and best treatment measures.