Phishing is the most common type of attack today and causes a lot of damage to internet users.

Watching: What is Phishing?

What is Phishing?

Phishing is a fraudulent practice that involves attackers performing fraud to steal personal information of internet users.

These scams usually involve links to phishing websites in emails or SMS messages. They will try to get users to enter personal information, like email addresses, login information and other sensitive information. This is an essential part of the scam where these links appear to be from legitimate sources. This also leads to an inevitable consequence that phishing is very easy to grow, specifically in 2018 the number of phishing attacks doubled.

Emails can also contain malware that, once opened, installs itself on your browser or hard drive without your knowledge. This code hides on your device, quietly collecting and sending usage data over time and affecting the overall functionality of your computer.

Common Phishing Attacks

Phishing email

Phishing email is an email sent as if it were from a fake legitimate source (such as posing as a bank). They often include urgent or threatening subject lines and prompts you to download an attachment or click. Click on the link to the fake website. They will often install malware on your device or obtain sensitive personal information.

Scam via SMS

Similar to email scams, SMS (or online SMishing) scams target an SMS (text) message, often promoting a contest, offer, or sweepstakes. Clicking on the link included in a phishing SMS scam leads to the same dangers mentioned above.

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Phone scam

With phishing phone call scams, you communicated over the phone by impersonating a bank manager, tech worker, or representative from a trusted organization (e.g. a bank or public company). law firm). Usually they will try to trick you into sharing confidential details over the phone like your PIN, bank account number, password, contact information, etc.

Some tips to recognize phishing attacks

An attacker can use one of several techniques to obtain the information they seek. Be wary of the following:

Spoofing the sender’s address in an email (to look like a reputable source). Emails like this are increasingly being put together. There are a few telltale signs. Often, while the name will say the company (e.g. HSBC), the actual email address when viewed will look the same, or sometimes even not. Clicking to reveal the entire email is a good way to determine this. Also, be on the lookout for grammatical errors, in email copy, or just wondering if it contains the tropes listed above (aggressive in tone, asking for information, etc.). Trojan malware through malicious email attachments or advertisements. The best prevention for this is to look for the signs listed above. But, if you’re worried you’ve clicked on something, run regular anti-virus checks, especially from companies that specialize in malware prevention. If your device is running slower than usual and connections with other devices (like printers) are misbehaving, it could be a sign of malware. Attempts to collect company information over the phone by posing as a known IT representative or company supplier. This is more difficult when people can be persuaded, and no one wants to think they are being deceived. If in doubt, don’t be afraid to ask them who they are and why they need the information. Offering to call them back on an official number (which you’ll find yourself from the real website) is a good strategy if you want to be absolutely certain. Embedding a link in an email redirects you to another page. Phishing site asking for sensitive information. In a similar way to email addresses, looking at the URL of the website you visit is a good idea of ​​whether something is legitimate or not. Also look for secure sites with green padlocks in the address bar.

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To be able to prevent as well as protect, users can learn ways to prevent phishing attacks.