In women, ovulation is a very normal physiological phenomenon. Ovulation signals a woman’s body ready to begin the fertile period. Only when a woman ovulates can her body combine with sperm to create a fetus. Ovulation indicates that a woman’s endocrine system is complete and it is completely possible to get pregnant from this point on. During puberty, female hormones change fat, which is more concentrated in the buttocks and thighs, signaling to men that a woman’s body is ready to carry a baby.

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What is ovulation in women

During the menstrual cycle, ovulation occurs when an egg is released from the ovary. After the sperm enters the female body, the sperm will hunt for an egg, if there is a chance to meet an egg, then the sperm will combine with the ovulated egg to make the woman pregnant. If the egg is fertilized, it will begin the process of cell division and then move to the uterus and implant there when the blastocyst is formed. Once the egg has successfully implanted in the uterus, pregnancy will begin.

Throughout the process from puberty to pregnancy or later even after laying, eggs in a woman’s body always continue to ovulate until menopause. Therefore, many eggs in a woman’s body will not be fertilized. The unfertilized egg will break down and the lining of the uterus will shed and come out during menstruation.

When do you ovulate and how to calculate ovulation

How does ovulation happen, when and how is it calculated correctly? In a 28-day menstrual cycle, ovulation will take place on the 14th day. In fact, not all women have the same menstrual cycle, depending on the location of each person that menstrual cycle. Your periods will be different. Not everyone has a 28-day menstrual cycle, so calculating when you ovulate can be more complicated. The most common way to calculate ovulation for women is that female ovulation occurs between the four days before and four days after the midpoint of the menstrual cycle.

Fact: According to statistics, many women have a short menstrual cycle of only about 21 days, some women have a long cycle of up to 35 days which is still considered normal. Meanwhile, women who have a menstrual cycle less than 21 days are called menstruating and more than 35 days are called light periods.

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Ovulation begins when the body releases follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). During the 6th day to ovulation, this hormone makes the egg mature more quickly so it can be released from the ovary. When the eggs are mature, the body continuously produces luteinizing hormone – LH (luteinizing hormone) to create the process of releasing the egg from the ovary. Within 28-36 hours after the massive secretion of luteinizing hormone – LH, the egg is released from the ovary.

Signs of ovulation

Ovulation takes place silently inside the female body, but ovulation has many hormonal changes, so if women pay attention, they can recognize some external signs of changes that signal ovulation. Eggs going on inside.

Before ovulation the vaginal discharge (vaginal discharge) becomes clearer than some vaginal discharge that looks like an egg white. After you ovulate, you may find that the amount of vaginal discharge may decrease and the discharge may become thicker. In addition, when ovulating, there are some telltale signs such as:

+ Women’s breasts are a bit tight and tight

When ovulating, a woman’s body suddenly craves sex

Spotting or light bleeding

Uncomfortable ovarian pain or pain on one side of the abdomen

With the above signs, it is possible to answer some questions about whether ovulation has abdominal pain, please answer that ovulation has abdominal pain, but this phenomenon cannot be as painful as menstrual pain. Symptoms of abdominal pain during ovulation are only mild pain on one side and slight discomfort in the abdomen. Besides, some women also have some pain and backache when ovulating.

Is the day of ovulation taking birth control pills

Ovulation day pregnant? The time when a woman is most likely to get pregnant is on the day of ovulation, when sperm enter a woman’s body, they will spread out everywhere in search of an egg. On the day of ovulation, the egg has just begun to be released, so it is already in a favorable position (failure) and just waiting there to capture the sperm. At this time, fertilization takes place very quickly. If you do not want to get pregnant early, you should avoid ovulation to have sex or use other safe methods of contraception.

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Tran Thi Thanh, a specialist in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hung Thinh General Clinic, said: “Take emergency contraception after sex even if on ovulation day, the egg meets sperm and moves transferred to the uterus, the possibility of pregnancy still very low. This is because the lining of the uterus is at the right stage for an egg to implant. Birth control pills change the endometrium, thereby preventing the implantation of an egg. So, if you accidentally have sex on the day of ovulation, you can be assured of the effectiveness of contraception if used correctly and with the right medicine.” However, if you buy low-quality drugs or use them when the time of sexual intercourse has long passed, the effectiveness of the drug will be less effective. Therefore, women should buy drugs at reputable gynecological clinics or consult carefully the advice of specialized doctors.

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How to check ovulation

Ovulation process and time of ovulation can be accurately confirmed by ultrasound or hormone blood tests, but to be able to give accurate results all tests need to be done at the facility. reputable medical. Besides, there are many ways for women to self-monitor at home, but the accuracy will be lower

Body temperature measurement: You can take your own temperature every morning during your menstrual cycle and record it on the monitoring board. On the day of ovulation, women may find their basal body temperature rises above average for 3 consecutive days.

Use an ovulation test strip: You can buy this test strip at the drugstore to monitor yourself. These test strips are capable of detecting the presence of luteinizing hormone in the urine. Ovulation can occur within a few days from the time the test strip line becomes darker or darker.

Calculating ovulation is very important in predicting safe days so that women can have safe sex without worrying about getting pregnant or quickly become pregnant for women who are planning to have a baby. With the above useful information, I hope that you have understood more about ovulation and how to take care of yourself so as not to miss your plans. Good luck sisters!

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Doctor Tran Thi Thanh is a specialist doctor who has more than 40 years of experience in the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology and has more than 15 years as a lecturer in Obstetrics and Gynecology, having trained many generations of doctors. gynecologist.

After graduating from Hanoi Medical University with a major in Obstetrics and Gynecology in 1972, Dr. Tran Thi Thanh transferred to Thai Nguyen Medical University and worked as a lecturer in Obstetrics and Gynecology. In 1997, Doctor Thanh was invited to work at the Central Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital and held the position of head of the hospital’s directing department. With high expertise and good professional ethics, Dr. Thanh has been elected as the Director of the counseling center for Reproductive Health and Family Planning at the National Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology from 2005 to present.


– Received many certificates of merit and certificates of merit for excellent lecturers from Thai Nguyen Medical University.

– Awarded many awards by the Department of Health and the Ministry of Health for great contributions in the field of medicine, obstetrics and gynecology.

– Was invited by the National Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology to assume the position of Head of the Directing Department – ​​Obstetrician.

– Become the director of the reproductive health care and family planning counseling center at the hospital.

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With experience and professional knowledge, Dr. Tran Thi Thanh will provide medical advice to HiBacsi with articles on the field of obstetrics and gynecology.

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