The brain is not only one of the most important organs but also the most complex in the body. Here we will learn the basic structure of the brain as well as how it works. We will not go into depth, specifically about the brain, but instead, the goal of this article is to introduce the most general overview, to help you familiarize yourself with the main structure of the brain and their functions.

Watching: What is Thalamus?

The human brain is not only one of the most important organs in the human body; it is also the most complex. In the following tour, you will learn about the basic structures that make up the brain as well as how the brain works. This is not an in-depth look at all of the research on the brain. Instead, the goal of this brain tour is to familiarize you with major brain structures and their functions.

1 Cerebral cortex. The Cerebral Cortex

Brain arteries

The cerebral cortex is a part of the brain, the activity of which makes the human unique compared to other types of creatures. Characteristic human traits such as higher-order thinking, language, and perception, as well as the ability to think, reason, and imagine, all originate in the cerebral cortex.

The cerebral cortex is the part of the brain that functions to make human beings unique. Distinctly human traits including higher thought, language and human consciousness as well as the ability to think, reason and imagine all originate in the cerebral cortex.

The cerebral cortex is what we see when we look at the brain. It is the outermost part of the brain that can be divided into four lobes. The surface of the brain is corrugated, between them are fissures.

The cerebral cortex is what we see when we look at the brain. It is the outermost portion that can be divided into the four lobes of the brain. Each bump on the surface of the brain is known as a gyrus, while each groove is known as a sulcus.

2 Four lobes of the brain. The Four Lobes

Brain lobes. Lobes of the Brain

The cerebrum can be divided into four parts, or lobes. The frontal lobes, parietal lobes, occipital lobes, and temporal lobes all perform various functions from thinking to perceiving sounds.

The cerebral cortex can be divided into four sections, which are known as lobes. The frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, and temporal lobe have been associated with different functions ranging from reasoning to auditory perception.

The frontal lobe is located at the front of the brain, responsible for thinking, motor, high-level cognitive and expressive language functions. Posterior to the frontal lobe, close to the central sulcus, is the motor cortex. This is the area of ​​the brain that receives information from other lobes and uses this information to make body movements. Damage to the frontal lobe can lead to changes in sexual habits, socialization, and concentration, as well as increased risk-taking.

The frontal lobe is located at the front of the brain and is associated with reasoning, motor skills, higher level cognition, and expressive language. At the back of the frontal lobe, near the central sulcus, lies the motor cortex. This area of ​​the brain receives information from various lobes of the brain and utilizes this information to carry out body movements. Damage to the frontal lobe can lead to changes in sexual habits, socialization, and attention as well as increased risk-taking.

READ MORE  The Phenomenon Happened On This Day

The parietal lobe, located in the middle of the cerebrum, is responsible for processing tactile sensory information such as pressure, touch, and pain. The part called the sensory cortex is located in this lobe, which plays an important role in processing the body’s senses. Damage to the parietal lobe can lead to problems with speech memory, impaired eye control, and language problems.

The parietal lobe is located in the middle section of the brain and is associated with processing tactile sensory information such as pressure, touch, and pain. A portion of the brain known as the somatosensory cortex is located in this lobe and is essential to the processing of the body’s senses. Damage to the parietal lobe can result in problems with verbal memory, an impaired ability to control eye gaze and problems with language.

The temporal lobe is located at the base of the brain. This lobe is also home to the auditory cortex, which is an important part of receiving and processing information about sounds and language we hear. The hippocampus is also located in the temporal lobe, which is why this part of the brain is so involved in memory formation and retention. Damage to the temporal lobe can cause problems with memory, speech recognition, and language skills.

The temporal lobe is located on the bottom section of the brain. This lobe is also the location of the primary auditory cortex, which is important for interpreting sounds and the language we hear. The hippocampus is also located in the temporal lobe, which is why this portion of the brain is also heavily associated with the formation of memories. Damage to the temporal lobe can lead to problems with memory, speech perception, and language skills.

The occipital lobe is located at the back of the brain, receiving and processing visual stimuli and information. The visual cortex, which receives and processes information from the retina of the eye, is located in the occipital lobe. Damage to the occipital lobe can cause vision problems such as difficulty perceiving objects, inability to distinguish colors, and difficulty recognizing words.

The occipital lobe is located at the back portion of the brain and is associated with interpreting visual stimuli and information. The primary visual cortex, which receives and interprets information from the retinas of the eyes, is located in the occipital lobe. Damage to this lobe can cause visual problems such as difficulty identifying colors, an inability to identify colors, and trouble identifying words.

3 Brainstem. The Brain Stem

The brainstem is made up of the hindbrain and midbrain. The posterior brain contains parts such as the medulla oblongata, pons, and reticulum.

The brain stem is composed of the hindbrain and midbrain. The hindbrain contains structures including medulla, the pons and the reticular formation.

posterior brain. The Hindrain

The hindbrain is the structure that connects the spinal cord and the brain. The hindbrain is the structure that connects the spinal cord to the brain.

The medulla oblongata, located just above the spinal cord, controls autonomic functions such as heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure.

The medulla is located directly above the spinal cord and controls many vital autonomic functions such as heart rate, breathing and blood pressure.

READ MORE  Does Diesel Oil Burn?

The pons connects the medulla oblongata to the cerebellum, helping to control the movement of each side of the body.

The pons connects the medulla to the cerebellum and helps coordinate movement on each side of the body.

The reticular body is a system of neurons located in the medulla oblongata, which helps control functions such as sleep and concentration.

See also: What is a Hashtag – And What Does Hashtag Mean

The reticular formation is a neural network located in the medulla that helps control functions such as sleep and attention.

4 Midbrain. The Midbrain

The midbrain is the smallest area of ​​the brain that serves as a relay station for auditory and visual information.

The midbrain is the smallest region of the brain that acts as a sort of relay station for auditory and visual information.

The midbrain is responsible for many important functions such as controlling the audiovisual system as well as eye movement. Parts of the midbrain called the red nucleus and the black crescent are involved in controlling body movements. The substantia nigra of the midbrain contains a large number of dopamine-producing neurons. Degeneration of neurons in the substantia nigra causes Parkinson’s disease.

The midbrain controls many important functions such as the visual and auditory systems as well as eye movement. Portions of the midbrain called the red nucleus and the substantia nigra are involved in the control of body movement. The darkly pigmented substantia nigra contains a large number of dopamine-producing neurons are located. The degeneration of neurons in the substantia nigra is associated with Parkinson’s disease.

5 Cerebellum. The Cerebellum

The cerebellum is located on top of the pons behind the brain stem. The cerebellum is made up of small lobes and receives information from the balance system of the inner ear, sensory nerves, and the auditory and visual systems. The cerebellum is involved in controlling motor processes as well as basic aspects of memory and learning.

Sometimes referred to as the “little brain,” the cerebellum lies on top of the pons behind the brain stem. The cerebellum is composed of small lobes and receives information from the balance system of the inner ear, sensory nerves, and the auditory and visual systems. It is involved in the coordination of motor movements as well as basic faces of memory and learning.

The cerebellum makes up about 10% of the brain, but contains more than 50% of the total neurons of the entire brain. This structure controls movement, but not because motor commands come from here, but the cerebellum, which regulates these signals, making movements precise and efficient.

The cerebellum makes up approximately 10 percent of the brain’s total size, but it accounts for more than 50 percent of the total number of neurons located in the entire brain. This structure is associated with motor movement and control, but this is not because the motor commands originated here. Instead, the cerebellum serves to modify these signals and make motor movements accurate and useful.

For example, the cerebellum helps control posture, balance, and coordination of movements. This allows different muscle groups in the body to work together and create smooth, rhythmic movements.

For example, the cerebellum helps control posture, balance, and the coordination of voluntary movements. This allows different muscle groups in the body to act together and produce coordinated, fluid movement.

READ MORE  And How To Use

In addition to its important function in motor control, the cerebellum is also important in a number of cognitive functions. certain language, for example.

In addition to playing an essential role in motor control, the cerebellum is also important in certain cognitive functions including language.

6 Hills. The Thalamus

The thalamus supports the transition of visual information.

The thalamus helps relay sensory information.

Located on the brainstem, the thalamus processes and relays visual and movement information. The thalamus acts as a relay station, which receives sensory information and then transmits it to the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex also sends information to the thalamus, which then passes on this information to other systems.

Located above the brainstem, the thalamus processes and transmits movement and sensory information. It is essentially a relay station, taking in sensory information and then passing it on to the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex also sends information to the thalamus, which then sends this information to other systems.

7 The hypothalamus. The Hypothalamus

The hypothalamus is a group of nuclei located along the base of the brain near the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus connects to many other brain regions and is responsible for controlling hunger, thirst, emotions, temperature regulation, and circadian rhythms. The hypothalamus also controls the pituitary gland by secreting hormones, which gives the hypothalamus a huge control over many bodily functions.

The hypothalamus is a grouping of nuclei that lie along the base of the brain near the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus connects with many other regions of the brain and is responsible for controlling hunger, thirst, emotions, body temperature regulation, and circadian rhythms. The hypothalamus also controls the pituitary gland by secreting hormones, which gives the hypothalamus a great deal of control over many body functions.

8 Border system. The Limbic System

The amygdala is one of the most important structures of the limbic system.

The amygdala is one of the major structures found in the limbic system.

The limbic system is made up of four major components: the amygdala, the hippocampus, areas of the limbic cortex, and the septal area. These structures form connections between the limbic system and the hypothalamus, thalamus, and cortex. The hippocampus plays an important role in memory and learning, while the limbic system itself plays a key role in controlling emotional responses.

The limbic system is composed of four main structures: the amygdala, the hippocampus, regions of the limbic cortex and the septal area. These structures form connections between the limbic system and the hypothalamus, thalamus and cerebral cortex. The hippocampus is important in memory and learning, while the limbic system itself is central in the control of emotional responses.

9 Basal ganglia. The Basal Ganglia

The basal ganglia are a group of nuclei clustered around the thalamus. These nuclei play an important role in controlling movement. The red nucleus and black crescent of the midbrain are also associated with this basal ganglia region.

See also: What is International Trade, International Trade

The basal ganglia are a group of large nuclei that partially surround the thalamus. These nuclei are important in the control of movement. The red nucleus and substantia nigra of the midbrain have connections with the basal ganglia.