In poetry, literature wants to highlight the content and art needs rhetorical devices, in which alliteration is often used. So what is alliteration, its effect, how to use it, the allusions of alliteration in some examples and literary works. All knowledge will be in today’s article.

Viewing: what is a slang

Concept of alliteration

What is the allusion

Alliteration is an artistic method in which the author repeats a word, a phrase or an entire sentence with a specific intention to increase the expressiveness of a passage or poem.

The repetition of a word is called alliteration, and the repetition of phrases or sentences is called alliteration. People also have a way of repeating a sentence type (question, interrogative sentence, imperative sentence, exclamation…) many times in the same paragraph, the verse is called a sentence structure message (syntactic structure message).


“Seeing the wind come in and rub the bitter eyes

Seeing the road that goes straight to the heart

Seeing stars in the sky and suddenly birds

Like sa, like rushing into the cockpit”

(Poem about the squad car without glass – Pham Tien Duat)

In the above stanza, the author uses the word “see” twice to emphasize the action mentioned in the sentence.

+ “Then, early and late at night, she lit the fire again,

A fire, her heart is always ready,

A flame of unyielding faith…”

(Fireplace – Vietnamese Bang)

The phrase “A fire” is repeated twice in the stanza by the author, which has the effect of reminding her of the image of a fire stove.

+ “The American empire must get out of our country. One would certainly national unity. The people of the North and South will definitely gather in one house.”

(Ho Chi Minh)

In the above sentence, the method of repeating sentence structure is used to create music for the sentence and to show the people’s determination in the resistance war against the US imperialists.

Types of alliteration

Continuity message

Sequential message is a type of message in which words and phrases are repeated one after another in a sentence. The effect is usually to create something new, progressive, and seamless.


“I’ve been looking for you for a long, long time

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Love you, love you, love you how much”

(Pham Tien Duat)

The two verses above have a concatenation: “for a long time” repeats 2 times in verse 1 and “loves you” repeats 3 times in a row in verse 2. With the use of repetition, it creates a sense of urgency such as multiplying, the author’s nostalgia for the character “em”.

Interrupted message

Interrupted messages are words that repeat spaced apart, which can be spaced in a sentence or spaced in two or three lines of a stanza.


“I make the bird sing

I make a flower

I enter the harmony song

A bass note flutters”.

(Little Spring – Qinghai)

In the above stanza, the allusion “ta” is repeated 3 times at the beginning of each verse, showing the character “ta”‘s desire to mix and do everything in life.

+ “Bamboo volunteered on tanks and cannons. Bamboo keeps the village, keeps the water, keeps the thatched roof, keeps the rice fields ripe. Tre sacrifices to protect people. Tre, labor heroes! Tre, the hero fights!

(Vietnamese Bamboo – New Steel)

The phrase “Ba” is repeated many times at the beginning of each sentence and “keep” is repeated 4 times in the same sentence. This is a pausing spell that emphasizes the subject and the unyielding and indomitable action of the “bamboo” hero.

Loops (relay messages)

Repetition is understood as words, phrases at the end of a sentence, the previous verse is repeated at the beginning of the sentence. The following verse creates a transition, causing abundant emotions for readers and listeners.


“Smoke Tieu Xiang is far from Xianyang”

Ham Duong tree is a few miles from Tieu Tuong.

Looking back together but not seeing

Seeing the green of thousands of strawberries.

Thousand blue berries cut one color,

Whose heart is more sad than who?

(Chinh Phu soaked – Dang Tran Con, Doan Thi Diem)

“See” and “thousand strawberries” are two words that are repeated at the beginning of the following sentence, creating a transition, overlapping, and immeasurable message, not only of the blue color of strawberries. This is also a stretch of the conquest’s husband’s nostalgia.

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Effect of alliteration

Emphasis effect

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The allusion is used in a poem or a prose that often has the effect of emphasizing a certain thing or event, or the purposeful repetition of emphasizing the thoughts, feelings, and emotions of the characters mentioned in the sentence.


“A flaming fire flickers with the morning dewA warm, warm fire I love you, I know how much sunshine and rain!”

(Fireplace – Vietnamese Bang)

In the above stanza, “A fire stove” is repeated twice at the beginning of each verse to emphasize the image of a fire in the grandson’s memory. From there, expressing affection is a longing for the “kitchen”, for the beloved grandmother.

Listing effect

The allusion also has the effect of listing the things and events mentioned in the sentence to clarify the meaning and properties of things and events.


“Our village’s rice grain

Has a taste of silt

Of Kinh Thay River

Has a fragrant lotus scent

In a lake full of water

There is a song my mother sings….

There is a storm in July

It rains in March”

(Our village’s rice grain – Tran Dang Khoa)

The phrase “yes” is repeated 5 times to create a list that highlights the essence of the rice grain, which is the alluvial taste, the scent of lotus, the mother’s song, the storm in July, and the rain in March. From there, feel the hardships and hardships behind the scenes when making food to provide money line.

Affirmative effect

Words that repeat have the effect of affirming the inevitable, the author’s belief in what will happen.


“A people that have courageously resisted French slavery for more than eighty years, a people that have courageously sided with the Allies against fascism for many years, that people must be free! People must be independent”.

(Declaration of Independence – Ho Chi Minh)

“That nation must” be repeated twice is an affirmation of the certainty and necessity of “must be independent” of the resilient and indomitable nation.

Allusion in poetry and analysis

+ “No glasses is not because the car has no glasses

Bomb shocks, bombs shake the glass has broken

Relax in the cockpit we sit,

Looking at the ground, looking at the sky, look directly”

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(Poem about the squad car without glass – Pham Tien Duat)

– In the above stanza, the phrase “no glasses” repeated twice in the same first verse has the effect of emphasizing the lack of means of transport – the car.

The last verse of the word “see” is repeated three times, emphasizing the action the subject is referring to – the driver.

With the use of alliteration in the first and last two verses, creating a seamless, opening and closing stanza for the stanza. The first allegory is “without glass” during the fierce war against America, lack of, hardship, and hardship. In the second message, the act of “looking back” shows optimism, love life as if nothing happened and is very indifferent to that lack.

“Where are the golden nights by the stream,

I stood drinking intoxicating moonlight tan primer?

Where the rainy days turn to the four directions,

We silently watch our renewal?

Where are the sunrises of green trees and sunshine,

The sound of birds singing our jubilant sleep?

Where are the bloody afternoons behind the forest.

I wait to die the scorching sun,

Let me take partial secret?

– Alas! Where is the glorious time now?”

(Remember the forest – The Lu)

– The stanza from “where” and “ta” is repeated 4 times in the head of each pair of sentences forming the structure “what – ta”.

The use of this iteration has the effect of listing the things “tiger” have done that constitute a glorious period of the past. Intentionally emphasizing the nostalgia of the past, the golden age of the lord of the jungle is no longer there.

The rhetorical allusion goes deep into literature and poetry to revive the sentiments of the lyrical subject. Understanding the artistic intent that each rhetoric brings, we can fully understand the good things and the meaning of the author’s message.

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Through this article, it helps to understand what alliteration is, its effects, and how to use it effectively. Especially when we apply it to writing or analyzing a work of art.