What is Celiac Disease?
Celiac disease is a digestive disorder that destroys the small intestine. This disease is triggered by eating foods containing gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye and is commonly found in foods such as bread, pasta, crackers, and muffins. Many prepackaged foods, lip balms and lipsticks, skin and hair care products, toothpaste, vitamin and nutrient supplements, and some rare drugs contain gluten.
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Celiac disease can become very serious. This disease causes long-lasting digestive problems and prevents the body from absorbing enough nutrients. In addition to the intestines, Celiac disease also affects the whole body.
Celiac disease is different from gluten sensitivity or wheat intolerance. If you are sensitive to gluten, you may experience symptoms that mimic those of Celiac disease, such as abdominal pain and fatigue. Unlike Celiac disease, gluten sensitivity does not damage the small intestine (you can read the article on how the digestive system works to better understand the location and role of the small intestine).
Celiac disease is also different from a wheat allergy. In both cases, the body’s immune system reacts to wheat. However, some symptoms of a wheat allergy are different from those of celiac disease, such as itchy eyes or sometimes difficulty breathing. Long-term wheat allergy does not damage the small intestine.
How common is Celiac disease
?Celiac disease is so common that 1 in 141 Americans has celiac disease, even though most people don’t know it.
Who is susceptible to Celiac disease
?Although Celiac disease affects children and adults in all regions of the world, it is more common in whites and is often diagnosed. guess in women. You are more likely to get celiac disease if someone in your family also has it. It is also more common in people with certain other conditions, such as Down syndrome, Turner syndrome, and type 1 diabetes.
What other health problems do people with Celiac disease have
?If you have Celiac disease, you may also be at risk.
Addison’s disease Hashimoto’s disease Primary biliary cirrhosis Type 1 diabetes
What are the complications of Celiac disease
?In the long term, complications of Celiac disease include:
Malnutrition, a condition in which the body cannot absorb the vitamins, minerals and other nutrients it needs to stay healthy Accelerate osteoporosis or soften bones, called osteomalacia in the nervous systemReproductive function problems
Rare complications are:
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Bowel cancer Liver diseases Lymphoma, a type of cancer, arises in a part of the immune system called the lymphatic system that includes the intestines.
In rare cases of complications, you may continue to have difficulty absorbing nutrients even if you are already on a strict gluten-free diet. If you have this condition, also known as intractable Celiac disease, your intestines have been severely damaged and cannot heal. You will probably need to be given intravenous nutrition.
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Symptoms & Causes
What are the symptoms of Celiac disease
?Most people with Celiac disease have one or more symptoms. However, some people with this condition may have no symptoms or feel sick at all. Sometimes health problems such as surgery, pregnancy, childbirth, bacterial gastroenteritis, viral infections, or severe emotional stress can trigger symptoms of Celiac disease.
If you have Celiac disease, you’ll likely experience digestive problems or other symptoms. Gastrointestinal symptoms are more common in children and may include:
Stomach bloating, or feeling full or swollen Nausea Pale, foul-smelling, or greasy stools Stomach pain Vomiting
For children with Celiac disease, the inability to absorb nutrients that are essential for normal growth and development can lead to:
Permanent damage to enamel Delayed puberty Growth retardation Infants have mood swings, or feel frustrated or impatient Slow growth and short height Weight loss
Adults are less likely to experience digestive symptoms, and may instead experience one or more of the following:
Anemia Shiny, smooth, and red tongue Bone or joint pain Depression or anxiety Herpes Dermatitis Headaches Infertility or recurrent spontaneous abortions Delayed menstrual periods Oral problems such as mouth ulcers or dry mouth Convulsions (seizures)Terring nerve pain numbness in limbs Fatigue Weak and fragile bones
Adults with Celiac disease experience gastrointestinal symptoms that may include:
Abdominal pain and bloatingIntestinal obstruction Persistent fatigue Ulcers, or lesions in the stomach or on the lining of the intestines
Celiac disease can also cause a reaction in the immune system, or the body’s natural defense system, that attacks healthy cells in the body. This reaction can spread outside the digestive tract to other parts of the body, including:
Bones Joints Nervous System SkinSpleen
Depending on how old you were when you were diagnosed with Celiac disease, some symptoms such as short height and dental defects won’t improve.
Dermatitis herpetiformis is an itchy, blistering skin rash that usually appears on the elbows, knees, buttocks, back, or scalp. This rash affects about 10% of people with Celiac disease. It can affect people of any age but is most commonly seen for the first time in people between the ages of 30 and 40. Men with the rash may also develop mouth sores or rare genital sores. Some people with Celiac disease may develop a rash and no other symptoms.
Why do the symptoms of Celiac disease vary
?The symptoms of Celiac disease do not vary from person to person. They may also depend on:
how long you can eat breast milk; Some studies have shown, the longer you are breastfed, the later the symptoms of Celiac disease appear. How much gluten you eat When you start eating glutenHow old the small intestine is damaged Your age – symptoms may vary between children and adults
People with Celiac disease who have no symptoms can still develop complications over time if left untreated.
What Causes Celiac Disease
?Research indicates that Celiac disease occurs only in individuals with specific genes. These genes are common and present in about one-third of the population. People also have to eat foods containing gluten to develop celiac disease. Researchers don’t know exactly what triggers celiac disease in people at risk for the condition who eat gluten for a long time. Sometimes the disease also runs in families. About 10 to 20% of close relatives of people with Celiac disease are also affected by the disease.
The probability of developing Celiac disease increases when your body is genetically modified or has genetic variations. Certain genetic variations and other factors, such as those present in your environment, can cause Celiac disease.
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How do doctors diagnose Celiac disease
?It can be difficult to diagnose Celiac disease because some of its symptoms resemble those of others such as irritable bowel syndrome and irritable bowel syndrome. lactose intolerance. Your doctor can diagnose celiac disease with your medical and family history, physical exam, and lab tests. Testing includes blood tests, genetic tests, and a biopsy (biopsy).