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Viewing: Works that change the way you work

The Party committee, government and people of Ca Mau province continue to promote learning and following Ho Chi Minh’s ideology, morality and style.

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In 1947, in the midst of focusing on preparing for the Autumn-Winter campaign to defeat the French colonialists’ strategy of “fighting quickly, winning quickly”, President Ho Chi Minh still wrote the work Modifying the way of working. The book has 6 parts: Criticism and correction; Several things experience; Revolutionary character and ethics; Staff issues; Leadership style; Against blasphemy. The book has guided and mobilized the strength of the Party, the nation, the army and our people to contribute to bringing the whole people’s resistance to a glorious victory. Today, implementing the Campaign “Study and follow Ho Chi Minh’s moral example”, the requirement to “follow” has become urgent for every cadre, party member, with all agencies and units. position, the book “Modifying the way of working” becomes more and more necessary. Learn, study the work Modifying the working style, follow His instructions in every sentence, every idea of ​​this work is a job. Very useful and practical today. Each sentence, each idea says what specific things need to be done and how should be done so that the work of each person, agency or unit can be completed and won. With a concise, concise writing style, each page, each line exudes sincerity, frankness, closeness, which anyone can learn and follow. This is a textbook with profound and comprehensive content on the education and training of the revolutionary cadres of the Party and our State. Please introduce the basic content of the work.I. Criticism and Correction He states the purpose, meaning, and importance of criticism and self-criticism. Must be quick to criticize and correct to overcome shortcomings, because “when defects are removed, work can progress” (1). He pointed out the diseases that each cadre and party member must overcome and repair (subjective, narrow-minded, boastful…). He pointed out how to criticize: “Criticizing yourself as well as criticizing others must be aggressive, thorough, honest, without respect, without adding or subtracting. Must point out both advantages and disadvantages… Do not use sarcastic, bitter, stabbing words. Criticize jobs, not people.” Subjective disease is a disease of poor reasoning or mere reasoning. “Because of poor reasoning, when encountering things, they do not know how to consider clearly, consider properly, and handle them well. Results often fail…”. Therefore, “Each cadre, each party member must learn theory, must apply theory to practical work. It is necessary to cure the disease of poor reasoning, contempt for reason and mere reasoning.” The disease of narrow-mindedness is “very dangerous… in the meantime, hinders the Party’s unity and solidarity; Otherwise, it destroys the unity of the whole people. Many diseases, such as localism, individualism, individualism, the tendency to be greedy for fame, greed for status, drowning in good people, corruption, etc., are caused by the disease of narrowness!”. Those are the cadres who only see their partial interests, not the interests of the whole. Because of the desire for fame and status, when in charge of a certain department, then drag this person, pull other people, like it, pull it in, if you don’t like it, find a way to trap it …”.Emphasis “To cure diseases On the other hand, we have to criticize ourselves vehemently, and with compassion and sincerity, we must vehemently criticize our comrades. Those two things must go hand in hand… Every cadre, every party member, every day must self-criticism, self-criticism, and self-correction like washing his face every day”.II. Some experiences. Ho Chi Minh summarized a number of important experiences, analyzed the contents, and gave practical examples in the rich activities of cadres, party members and people through movements in localities, unit.1. With good cadres, everything is done. He pointed out the principle: “Every success or failure is due to good or bad cadres”.2. There must be the right policy, there must be a right way to do it, in accordance with the situation and actual requirements to achieve results. Must do “model” to learn from experience, not to spread, be subjective, greedy to do fast, “greedy to do many things at once”.3. Must study and draw experience from the work done thoroughly and thoroughly; meticulously, carefully and comprehensively before performing a new job.4. The initiative and enthusiasm, creativity and democracy must be enhanced in the work of cadres and party members. Democracy, enthusiasm, and initiative are always closely linked, because “only with democracy will cadres and the masses take initiative. Those initiatives are praised, the more enthusiastic those people are, and the others follow. And while increasing initiative and enthusiasm to work, minor flaws also self-repair much”.5. Must determine responsibility before work, assigned tasks. When performing any task, one must answer the question “For whom? For whom is in charge?”. To be accountable to the people, always for the sake of the people, to mobilize the people to participate in the work of “finding ways to explain to the people”, not “following orders or coercion”.6. Must be close to the masses, suitable for the masses. Avoid formal diseases, stay away from people. Implement the motto “Out of the masses, back to the masses”. All actions must be in accordance with the cultural level, living habits, level of enlightenment, experience of struggle, desire, will and practical situation of the masses. Therefore, it defines how to work, how to organize. Only then will the masses be able to pull themselves together”.III. Revolutionary character and ethics.1. The status of a genuine revolutionary Party. Ho Chi Minh has raised 12 criteria of a genuine revolutionary Party, including: The Party is not an organization to be a mandarin. It must fulfill the task of liberating the nation, making the Fatherland rich and strong, the compatriots happy; Understanding revolutionary theory associated with practice; Close association with the masses; Emphasizing revolution and “must use skillful methods of execution”; The Party does not hide its shortcomings, is not afraid of criticism; The Party must choose people who are very loyal and very enthusiastic, uniting them into a group of loyal leaders; The Party must always remove corrupt elements out; The Party must strictly discipline from top to bottom; The Party must always review how its resolutions and directives have been implemented. He affirmed with two six-eighth verses: “If you want the Party to be stable, don’t forget any of these twelve things”. Duties of Party members and cadres. Officials and party members must “Put the interests of the Party first… at all times, no matter what, Party members and cadres must put the interests of the Party first, the interests of the Party first, personal interests later. That is the highest principle of the Party. That is “Party character”. Party members and cadres must have “revolutionary morality”. He generalized and deeply analyzed the five words Nhan, Nghia, Chi, Dung, Liem. “Humanity is sincere love, wholeheartedly helping comrades and compatriots. That is, upright, without selfishness, not doing anything. bad work, there is nothing to hide from the Party… Because there is no private work, it is blind, so the mind is pure and lucid. Easy to understand logic. It’s easy to find direction… Courage is brave, gritty, having to have the guts to do things. Seeing defects have the liver to repair. Extreme hardships, hardships have the guts to endure. Having the guts to resist glory and wealth is not right. Integrity is not being greedy for status. Not greedy for money. Not greedy for happiness. Don’t be greedy for flattery… Only one thing is a passion for learning, a passion for doing, a desire for progress…”. Officials and party members “must keep discipline”. Party discipline is self-discipline. “No one forced anyone to join the Party as a pioneer soldier. It is the self-discipline and enthusiasm of each person who volunteer to become a Party member.” For those who cannot stand the hard work and strict discipline of the Party and ask to leave the Party, the Party is still willing to leave the Party. them out. The Party only asks them one thing: they swear not to reveal the Party’s secrets, not to betray the Party, not to sabotage the Party. In this way, the Party still maintains friendly feelings towards them. “We must overcome “flaws and mistakes”. These are “sickness of greed”, “disease of laziness”, “disease of pride”, “disease of fame”, “lack of discipline”, “narrow mind”, “local mind”, “leader mind”. “nameless disease”, “disease of dragging rafts and wings”, “disease of myopia”, “personal illness”, “disease of refugee”, “disease of flattery, a dua”. The person who reminds of the disease is afraid of self-criticism. He said very succinctly”: “… A Party that hides its shortcomings is a corrupt Party. A Party has the guts to admit its shortcomings, point out what they are, where they come from, clearly examine the circumstances that give rise to those defects, and then look for ways to correct them. This is a progressive, bold, sure and true Party.” One must calmly find out the cause of the mistake and how to correct the defect. Ho Chi Minh pointed out, “Our Party did not fall from the sky. It’s in the society that comes out. Therefore, although in general, party members are mostly good elements, but there are still some who have not given up all the bad habits of self-interest, self-interest, arrogance, luxury, etc. Those bad habits, they bring from society join the Party”. People who criticize attitudes towards people with defects and mistakes such as cobras, swaggers, etc., demand immediate expulsion from the Party…, making them depressed and frustrated. Or they don’t do anything at all. They even left the Party. That is the attitude of the mechanical people too. It is also a subjective disease”.3. Qualifications and obligations of party members. Ho Chi Minh wrote about the standards of party members, the method of introducing and admitting people to the Party, training and educating new party members. He pointed out that the duty of a party member is “All his life fighting for the nation, for the Fatherland; put the interests of the revolution first, foremost; strictly keep the Party’s discipline and keep the secret; resolutely implement the Party’s resolutions; try to style model for the masses in all things; try to learn politics, military, culture. Must be close to the masses, learn from the masses, as well as lead the masses. One must practice party character. Ho Chi Minh affirmed: “Each cadre and party member needs to have party character to do the job. If you’re not party-oriented, you won’t be able to do anything.” Party character is: “We must put the interests of the Party and the nation first; everything must be investigated clearly and carefully and must be done properly; theory and practice must always go hand in hand. The Party must strictly inspect, localities must resolutely implement the Party’s resolutions. Where there is a mistake, whoever makes a mistake, immediately correct it. Resolutely oppose the habit of respecting and hiding, against the habit of “respecting in front, telling behind your back”. Must firmly practice discipline. It is required that each party member, first of all, each cadre, honestly self-criticism and self-correction of their own shortcomings.IV. With a dialectical thinking and a comprehensive view, Ho Chi Minh has determined that “cadres are the root of all work”.“Training cadres is the original work of the Party”. He pointed out the limitations in cadre training, stating the training content to focus on: “Vocational training, political training, cultural training; Theoretical training. To learn theory, to study real work, to have practical experience. Should be divided into political science, economic science, history science… organize each senior or intermediate level… No matter what subject you work in, what training class you take, you must absolutely fight against subjective illness and disease. narrow-mindedness, blasphemy.” Deriving from the thesis “Success or failure of work is due to good or bad cadres”, Ho Chi Minh has determined “The Party must raise cadres, just like gardeners cultivate good cadres. precious trees”. The issue of cadres is a very important and urgent issue, what should the Party do? He mentioned 6 things to do: Must know the cadres; cadres must be properly promoted; to use cadres skillfully; have to distribute cadres properly; must help cadres properly; cadres must be preserved.Selection of cadres has 4 criteria:a. Those who have shown great loyalty and enthusiasm in their work and struggles.b. People who are in close contact with the people, know the people. Always pay attention to the interests of the people. That way, the people would trust that cadre as their leader.c. People who can be in charge of solving problems in difficult situations. Those who are afraid of being in charge and have no initiative are not leaders…d. People who always maintain discipline There are 5 ways for officials: a. Directing – Let them do it, let them be in charge, even if they make a little mistake, don’t be afraid.b. Advanced – Always find ways for them to learn more about reasoning and working, making their thinking and abilities more and more advanced.c. Test – Not every day check. But often check to help them learn from experience, correct weaknesses, develop strengths.d. Correction – When they make a mistake, use “persuasion” to help them correct it. Not a huge mistake, but hastily gave them a “warned opportunism”, “temporarily expelled”. Such outrageous ways are not correct. d. Help – Must give them adequate living conditions to work. Some big points in the cadre policy. Those are very important issues. It is necessary to pay attention to a few things: “Understanding cadres, skillfully using cadres, promoting cadres, loving cadres, criticizing cadres”.a. Knowledge of officials: Need to know the diseases people often make mistakes in order to understand officials: Conceit, conceit; likes to be flattered; Because of their love and hate towards people; Bring a certain, narrow framework that fills all different people. Ho Chi Minh stated the method: “If you want to know cadres well, and want to treat people properly, you must first correct your shortcomings. The less defects I have, the more correct the way to consider cadres. Reviewing cadres is not only looking at their appearance but also having to consider their characteristics. Not just looking at one thing, at a time, but having to see the whole history, all their work”.b. Clever use of staff. Diseases should be avoided: “Having to use relatives, acquaintances, friends, for them is more certain than outsiders.“Having to use people who are good at flattery, but hates people with integrity.“Ham use people whose temperaments are compatible with them, but avoid those whose temperaments are not suitable for them.” “The right way to use cadres is to have great generosity, fairness, impartiality, and no prejudice to not abandon them. set. Must have a generous spirit, close to people you don’t like. Must work hard to teach and support the poor. To be wise, to avoid being surrounded by “involuntary” people, away from good cadres. Must have a cheerful and friendly attitude to be close to comrades. Must practice specific tasks: Make cadres have the courage to speak, have the courage to propose ideas, make cadres have the courage to take charge and have the guts work; should not be proud or conceited, but must listen to and consult with subordinates”.c. Must have the courage to promote cadres – “Recalling cadres, must be for work, talent, for motivating other comrades to be more enthusiastic. Like that, certain work run… If it’s because of love and hate, because of relatives, out of respect, no one will obey, but it will cause confusion in the Party. Thus, it is a crime to the Party, to the people… Knowing the cadres clearly can only promote them properly”.d. Loving cadres – During a struggle, it is very easy to lose a cadre. Therefore, the Party must love cadres. But love is not about patting, pampering, letting go. To love is to help them learn more and improve”. For the wrong cadres – Ho Chi Minh explained very dialectically and sympathetically: “Except those who intentionally sabotage, in addition, no one intentionally makes mistakes, mistakes are because they do not understand, do not know. Therefore, for the wronged cadres, we should not admit that they want to, but attack them. On the contrary, we must use a friendly attitude, helping them find the reason why they are wrong? Such a mistake, how will it be harmful to work? How that repair? In short, criticism must be correct”. He stated very frankly, “We are not afraid of making mistakes and shortcomings, just afraid of not trying to correct our mistakes and shortcomings. And more afraid of leaders who do not know how to find the right way to help officials correct mistakes and shortcomings”.V. Leadership. Ho Chi Minh “just drew” very specifically the way and content of the cadres’ work.1. Leadership and control. True leadership means.“- Must decide all issues properly.– Must organize the right execution. But if you want to do that, it won’t be done without the people’s help.– Control must be organized, but if you want to control properly, you must also have the masses to help…“Choosing people and replacing people is also an important issue. in leadership… Must pay attention to those who are “revolutionary servants”, “those who talk nonsense”. Fight against bureaucracy and bureaucracy. Because of three things that need to be controlled: 1. With such control, you will know clearly whether cadres and employees are good or bad. 2. Newly know the advantages and disadvantages of agencies. 3. Just know the advantages and disadvantages of orders and resolutions. Control has two ways: top-down and bottom-up.2. How to lead? “There are two ways of leading: One is to combine public policy with specific direction; The second is to unite the leader with the masses.…Anything, without a common policy, calling out a common call, cannot mobilize the masses…Anything (for example, reorganizing the Party), people leadership must have some enthusiastic people loyal to the leadership. This loyal group must have close contact with the masses, the work will be successful. Therefore, any agency, any army, needs it. must choose a group of enthusiastic, loyal, capable people, keep discipline, unite them into a group of loyal leaders. The leadership in all practical work of the Party must be among the masses to come back. in public places”.3. Learning from the masses but not following the masses. Ho Chi Minh determined that “The people are very clever, very heroic. Therefore, we must learn from the people, ask the people, understand the people…. Each of our slogans, each of our activities, each of our policies, must be based on the opinions and experiences of the people. must listen to the will of the people.” Must avoid bureaucracy, orders and coercion of the people. Must “do it the way of the masses”. Must practice according to the principle:– Everything must be learned and discussed with the people, explained to the people.– Believe in the people. Bring all problems to the people to discuss and find a solution.– Don’t stick to the “old cliché”. It is always necessary to organize them according to the practical situation of the people there and at that time, according to the people’s enlightenment level, according to the people’s voluntariness, to organize them, depending on the practical circumstances of that place and at that time. to fight.– We absolutely should not follow the masses. But it must be clever to focus the opinion of the masses, turning it into a way to lead the masses. “Politics must be brought into the midst of the people”. Previously, something also rain down from above”. From now on, everything must be from “bottom up”.VI. Fight against the habit of blasphemy. Babbling is a “companion” of subjective disease and narrow-minded disease. “Because of the habit of blasphemy, that is, subjective disease and narrow-minded disease have not been completely cured”.1. What is blasphemy? He pointed out the manifestation of blasphemy.a. Long, empty. Long talk, long writing without content.b. There is a habit of “picky”. It is a way of “using a bunch of strange nouns, speaking or writing in a Western way” that the public doesn’t understand.c. Difficult, confusing. Refusing to study, lack of preparation, when speaking, when writing, people do not understand. d. Cotton feather report. Fake report. Little success, almost out much. The defects are hidden… Or late reporting. Failing to clearly and systematically state the contents and issues. dd. Snappy, sloppy. This disease must be avoided by: “Do not know well, do not speak, do not write. When there is nothing to say, nothing to write, don’t talk, don’t write nonsense”.e. The disease follows the “old flute”. Due to lack of preparation, vast content, impractical, mechanical formulas, speaking and writing flowery words, the masses do not understand, do not bring results.g. Say no one understands. Propaganda content, slogans of The Party “writes in such a lofty, colorful way that not only the masses do not understand, but even the cadres do not understand”.h. Sick of words. It is a disease that is addicted to using foreign words but doesn’t know the meaning. How to cure the habit of bragging.“l. Must learn how to speak the public. Do not speak like a lecture.2. Always use words and examples that are simple, practical, and easy to understand.3. When writing, when speaking, always do it in a way that everyone can understand. How to make the masses understand, believe, and be determined to follow their call. Always ask yourself: Who am I writing for? Tell who? 4. Haven’t investigated, haven’t studied, haven’t known, don’t speak, don’t write.5. Before speaking, think carefully, arrange carefully. You must remember the proverb: “Only when a dog can lie down is three times. People only speak after three years”._____(1) The passages in quotation marks in this article are all excerpts from the work Modifying the working style printed in Ho Chi Minh, volume 5, National Publishing House, H.2002, pp.231- 236.

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