Skin lightening treatments can temporarily reduce melanin production in the skin. Most of these methods work by inhibiting the enzyme that is needed to make melanin. However, it is not possible to permanently reduce the pigment melanin because its formation is determined to be genetic.

Viewing: What is Melanin

Melanin is the pigment that gives color to skin, hair and eyes. It is made of melanocytes, which are found in the outermost layer of the skin.

All people have the same number of melanocytes. However, in each person, this cell makes more or less melanin. The more melanin the body produces, the darker the skin.

Sometimes, melanin can build up in certain areas of the body and cause skin darkening or hyperpigmentation. When this happens, some areas of the skin appear darker than the rest.

Although treatment can be done to eliminate the presence of melanin or reduce the production of melanin in the skin, there are some risks and limitations to the body.

Melanin is the pigment that gives color to skin, hair and eyes

2. How to reduce melanin in the skin

There are several simple ways to reduce the melanin content in the skin. However, before undertaking this procedure it is advisable to consult a dermatologist for proper guidance on these methods.

2.1. Laser therapy

Laser therapy uses a pulse of light to remove the top layers of skin. It reduces melanin in the treated areas. Some types of laser treatments include:

Laser ablative: This method removes the outer layers of skin and is ideal for fading. Non-ablative laser: This method is gentler than ablative laser. They promote collagen growth, allowing new skin to form.

Intense pulsed light (IPL) is one such treatment. It uses pulses of light energy to target dark spots by heating and destroying melanin, removing discolored spots.

Q-switched ruby ​​laser (QSRL): This method uses pulses of light to heat and dissolve the skin.

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As with any medical procedure, laser therapy is not for everyone. Because, it can cause side effects like discoloration, scarring and infection. Before undergoing therapy, talk to your doctor for advice and a skin test to see if this is the best method to improve skin pigmentation.

Laser therapy is a way to reduce melanin in the skin

2.2. Topical cream or ointment

You can use topical creams or ointments to lighten the skin. These products reduce melanin and are commercially available.

Prescription and over-the-counter skin lightening products are often available and include: hydroquinone, kojic acid, vitamin C, glycolic acid, azelaic acid, and retinoid. These ingredients inhibit tyrosinase, which is the main enzyme required for melanin synthesis. So it will have the effect of slowing down the production of melanin and as a result the skin becomes brighter.

However, skin lightening products are known to cause side effects such as: dryness, irritation, redness, itchiness. Therefore, before using these products should consult a dermatologist to avoid effects on the skin as well as overall health.

3. Some ways to control and slow down the production of melanin in the skin

Methods to control and slow down melanin production in the skin do not involve medical treatments. However, it depends on your daily facial routine and some opt for natural methods to correct the condition of the skin.

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3.1. Sunscreen

The purpose of melanin is to help protect the skin from sun damage. Therefore, when you are exposed to the sun, your skin produces more melanin.

Using sunscreen will limit the production of more melanin when the skin is exposed to the sun. Moreover, sunscreen also works to protect the skin from harmful UV rays and slow down the production of melanin in the skin.

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According to the American Academy of Dermatology, the best sunscreen will have criteria such as: having a broad spectrum of sun protection, SPF 30 or higher, and being water resistant. Although sunscreen does not block 100% of the sun’s UV rays, it can limit the amount of melanin produced in the skin.

However, to ensure optimal skin protection, you should: limit sun exposure, stay indoors from 10 am to 2 pm (this is the time when the sun’s rays are strongest), even Sun protection clothing (such as: wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, long-sleeved shirt, …), avoid sunbathing.

Sunscreen helps control and slow down the production of melanin in the skin

3.2. Some natural remedies

Several natural remedies can lighten the skin. However, there is no specific time estimate for the effectiveness of these methods for individuals. So to implement this method this thing It is important to be patient and maintain the method regularly.

Aloe vera can reduce melanin production after sun exposure

Skin bleaching: When applying a skin bleaching product like hydroquinone, it reduces the number of melanocytes in the skin. So, it can lead to brighter skin and more even skin tone. Green tea: Contains a compound called epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). A 2015 study found that epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) can prevent the accumulation of melanin in the skin. It works by inhibiting the enzyme needed to make melanin.

The compound EGCG in green tea can prevent the accumulation of melanin in the skin

4. Home remedies to avoid

Not all home remedies are created equal. Because, some of them can cause skin irritation, redness or skin damage. Those ingredients include: hydroperoxide, bleach, ammonia.

5. Is it possible to permanently reduce melanin production

?Melanin content varies from person to person and is determined by genetics. You can lighten and remove existing hyperpigmentation, but it can come back. This process cannot reduce melanin in the skin permanently.

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If you try to reduce melanin in your skin, you will face a number of problems such as:

Skin is at risk of being damaged by the sun. Less melanin means less protection for the skin from the sun’s rays. This increases the risk of wrinkles, uneven texture and skin discoloration. Irritation and sensitivity. The skin lightening process is quite rough with the skin. Plus, there are many treatments that can cause side effects like redness, itching, and contact dermatitis.

Dermatitis is a side effect of trying to reduce melanin in the skin

It can only reduce melanin in the skin temporarily. In addition, using sunscreen as well as limiting sun exposure will also help reduce melanin and improve skin tone. However, there is no permanent method to reduce melanin, because it is determined by genetic factors. If you want to reduce melanin, you need to consult a dermatologist so that you can choose an appropriate treatment with high efficiency.

If your skin is having problems, you should go to a dermatology department at a reputable medical facility for examination and advice, do not arbitrarily buy medication because it is likely that your skin will be irritated. reacted by certain compounds without your knowledge.

Vinmec International General Hospital is a high-quality medical facility in Vietnam, with a team of well-trained, specialized and experienced doctors. Fully equipped, modern medical equipment imported from the US, UK, Germany, Japan… Facilities are designed according to international standards, the rooms are like a 5-star hotel, bringing to people space disease, the most comfortable environment, helping the treatment to achieve high efficiency.

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To register for examination and treatment at Vinmec International General Hospital, you can contact the nationwide Vinmec Health System Hotline, or register online HERE.